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Article Dans Une Revue Nature Communications Année : 2019

Adaptive responses of animals to climate change are most likely insufficient

1 IZW - Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research
2 UCC - University College Cork
3 CEFE - Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
4 UM - Université de Montpellier
5 NIOO-KNAW - Netherlands Institute of Ecology
6 University of Leeds
7 Palacky University Olomouc
8 UA - University of Antwerp
9 NRM - Swedish Museum of Natural History
10 Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences
11 Experimental Station of Arid Zones (EEZA)
12 Universidad de Sevilla = University of Seville
13 UTRGV - University of Texas Rio Grande Valley [Brownsville, TX]
14 Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona
15 CEH - Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
16 SETE - Station d'écologie théorique et expérimentale
17 UEX - Universidad de Extremadura - University of Extremadura
18 Cornell University [New York]
19 LMU - Ludwig-Maximilians University [Munich]
20 University of Hyogo
21 University of Turku
22 CREAF - Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals
23 NINA - Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
24 NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology [Trondheim]
25 University of Gloucestershire [Gloucester]
26 EMU - Estonian University of Life Sciences
27 Skane University Hospital [Lund]
28 SBiK-F - Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre
29 University of Potsdam = Universität Potsdam
30 Institute for Landscape and Open Space
31 University of Ottawa [Ottawa]
32 UGR - Universidad de Granada = University of Granada
33 CESCO - Centre d'Ecologie et des Sciences de la COnservation
34 CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas = Spanish National Research Council
35 UZH - Universität Zürich [Zürich] = University of Zurich
36 LPO - Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux
37 UMR ISEM - Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier
38 Museum für Naturkunde [Berlin]
39 SREL - Savannah River Ecology Laboratory
40 TMU - Tokyo Metropolitan University [Tokyo]
41 UW - University of Wyoming
42 PIK - Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
43 Imperial College London
44 CAM - University of Cambridge [UK]
45 Poznan University of Life Sciences
46 Helsingin yliopisto = Helsingfors universitet = University of Helsinki
47 Edward Grey Institute, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford
48 ESE - Ecologie Systématique et Evolution
49 ISU - Iowa State University
50 Department of Biological Sciences [Auburn]
51 UC Berkeley - University of California [Berkeley]
52 TU - Technical University of Berlin / Technische Universität Berlin
Martijn van de Pol
Hideyuki Doi
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Tapio Eeva
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James Mills
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Maud Poisbleau
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Marcel Visser


Biological responses to climate change have been widely documented across taxa and regions, but it remains unclear whether species are maintaining a good match between phenotype and environment, i.e. whether observed trait changes are adaptive. Here we reviewed 10,090 abstracts and extracted data from 71 studies reported in 58 relevant publications , to assess quantitatively whether phenotypic trait changes associated with climate change are adaptive in animals. A meta-analysis focussing on birds, the taxon best represented in our dataset, suggests that global warming has not systematically affected morphological traits, but has advanced phenological traits. We demonstrate that these advances are adaptive for some species, but imperfect as evidenced by the observed consistent selection for earlier timing. Application of a theoretical model indicates that the evolutionary load imposed by incomplete adaptive responses to ongoing climate change may already be threatening the persistence of species.
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Dates et versions

hal-02290363 , version 1 (25-09-2019)





Viktoriia Radchuk, Thomas Reed, Céline Teplitsky, Martijn van de Pol, A. Charmantier, et al.. Adaptive responses of animals to climate change are most likely insufficient. Nature Communications, 2019, 10 (1), pp.3109. ⟨10.1038/s41467-019-10924-4⟩. ⟨hal-02290363⟩
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