Prospective Assessment of First-Year Quality of Life After Pelvic Exenteration for Gynecologic Malignancy: A French Multicentric Study

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Pelvic exenteration remains one of the most mutilating procedures, with important postoperative morbidity, an altered body image, and long-term physical and psychosocial concerns. This study aimed to assess quality of life (QOL) during the first year after pelvic exenteration for gynecologic malignancy performed with curative intent. METHODS: A French multicentric prospective study was performed by including patients who underwent pelvic exenteration. Quality of life by measurement of functional and symptom scales was assessed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 (version 3.0) and the EORTC QLQ-OV28 questionnaires before surgery, at baseline, and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the procedure. RESULTS: The study enrolled 97 patients. Quality of life including physical, personal, fatigue, and anorexia reported in the QLQ-C30 was significantly reduced 1 month postoperatively and improved at least to baseline level 1 year after the procedure. Body image also was significantly reduced 1 month postoperatively. Global health, emotional, dyspnea, and anorexia items were significantly improved 1 year after surgery compared with baseline values. Unlike younger patients, elderly patients did not regain physical and social activities after pelvic exenteration. CONCLUSIONS: Therapeutic decision on performing a pelvic exenteration can have a severe and permanent impact on all aspects of patients' QOL. Deterioration of QOL was most significant during the first 3 months after surgery. Elderly patients were the only group of patients with permanent decreased physical and social function. Preoperative evaluation and postoperative follow-up evaluation should include health-related QOL instruments, counseling by a multidisciplinary team to cover all aspects concerning stoma care, sexual function, and long-term concerns after surgery.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02290135
Contributeur : Anthony Herrada <>
Soumis le : mardi 17 septembre 2019 - 14:13:20
Dernière modification le : vendredi 11 octobre 2019 - 20:23:32

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A. Martinez, T. Filleron, P. Rouanet, P. Méeus, E. Lambaudie, et al.. Prospective Assessment of First-Year Quality of Life After Pelvic Exenteration for Gynecologic Malignancy: A French Multicentric Study. Annals of Surgical Oncology, Springer Verlag, 2018, 25 (2), pp.535-541. ⟨10.1245/s10434-017-6120-z⟩. ⟨hal-02290135⟩

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