Chromosomal Aberrations Associated with Sequential Steps of the Metastatic Cascade in Colorectal Cancer Patients

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Genomic information can help to identify colorectal tumors with high and low metastatic potential, thereby improving prediction of benefit of local and/or systemic treatment. Here we investigated chromosomal aberrations in relation to the different stages of the metastatic cascade: dissemination of tumor cells into the mesenteric vein, metastatic outgrowth in the liver, intravasation of the peripheral blood circulation, and development of further distant metastasis. METHODS: Peripheral and mesenteric blood from colorectal cancer patients (n = 72) were investigated for circulating tumor cells, and DNA extracted from their primary tumors was subjected to array comparative genomic hybridization profiling. The results were validated with an independent set of primary colorectal tumors (n = 53) by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. RESULTS: Mesenteric intravasation and liver metastasis were correlated with losses of chromosomes 16p (72%), 16q (27%), and 19 (54%), gain along 1q31 (45%) and 20q (60%), tumor cell infiltration into the peripheral blood circulation, and further distant metastasis with gain of chromosome 8q (59%) and 12 (47%, P < 0.01). Chromosome 12 gain was associated with poor overall survival in the initial (2.8 vs >7 years) and validation cohort (3.3 vs >6 years). The prospective study presented here is a hypothesis-generating study and confirmation with larger cohorts is required. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study that investigated colorectal cancer in its different stages of metastasis in correlation with copy number changes of the primary tumor. This information might be helpful to identify patients with limited metastatic spread who may profit from liver metastasis resection and may lead to the discovery of new therapeutic targets.Microarray data have been deposited in NCBI's Gene Expression Omnibus and are accessible through GEO Series accession number GSE82228.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02289741
Contributeur : Anthony Herrada <>
Soumis le : mardi 17 septembre 2019 - 10:02:17
Dernière modification le : mercredi 18 septembre 2019 - 01:22:17

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Simon Joosse, François-Régis Souche, Anna Babayan, Christin Gasch, Ron Kerkhoven, et al.. Chromosomal Aberrations Associated with Sequential Steps of the Metastatic Cascade in Colorectal Cancer Patients. Clinical Chemistry, American Association for Clinical Chemistry, 2018, 64 (10), pp.1505-1512. ⟨10.1373/clinchem.2018.289819⟩. ⟨hal-02289741⟩

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