Community ecology Dispersal syndromes can impact ecosystem functioning in spatially structured freshwater populations

Abstract : Dispersal can strongly influence ecological and evolutionary dynamics. Besides the direct contribution of dispersal to population dynamics, disper-sers often differ in their phenotypic attributes from non-dispersers, which leads to dispersal syndromes. The consequences of such dispersal syndromes have been widely explored at the population and community level; however, to date, ecosystem-level effects remain unclear. Here, we examine whether dispersing and resident individuals of two different aquatic keystone invertebrate species have different contributions to detrital processing, a key function in freshwater ecosystems. Using experimental two-patch systems, we found no difference in leaf consumption rates with dispersal status of the common native species Gammarus fossarum. In Dikerogammarus villosus, however, a Ponto-Caspian species now expanding throughout Europe, dispersers consumed leaf litter at roughly three times the rate of non-dispersers. Furthermore, this put the contribution of dispersing D. villosus to leaf litter processing on par with native G. fossarum, after adjusting for differences in organismal size. Given that leaf litter decomposition is a key function in aquatic ecosystems, and the rapid species turnover in freshwater habitats with range expansions of non-native species, this finding suggests that dispersal syndromes may have important consequences for ecosystem functioning.
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Contributeur : Emanuel Alexis Fronhofer <>
Soumis le : vendredi 13 septembre 2019 - 11:13:25
Dernière modification le : samedi 14 septembre 2019 - 01:41:31

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Chelsea Little, Emanuel Fronhofer, Florian Altermatt. Community ecology Dispersal syndromes can impact ecosystem functioning in spatially structured freshwater populations. Biology Letters, Royal Society, The, 2019, 15 (3), pp.20180865. ⟨https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rsbl.2018.0865⟩. ⟨10.1098/rsbl.2018.0865⟩. ⟨hal-02285918⟩

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