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Notch1 Stimulation Induces a Vascularization Switch With Pericyte-Like Cell Differentiation of Glioblastoma Stem Cells

Abstract : Glioblastoma multiforms (GBMs) are highly vascularized brain tumors containing a subpopulation of multipotent cancer stem cells. These cells closely interact with endothelial cells in neurovascular niches. In this study, we have uncovered a close link between the Notch1 pathway and the tumoral vascularization process of GBM stem cells. We observed that although the Notch1 receptor was activated, the typical target proteins (HES5, HEY1, and HEY2) were not or barely expressed in two explored GBM stem cell cultures. Notch1 signaling activation by expression of the intracellular form (NICD) in these cells was found to reduce their growth rate and migration, which was accompanied by the sharp reduction in neural stem cell transcription factor expression (ASCL1, OLIG2, and SOX2), while HEY1/2, KLF9, and SNAI2 transcription factors were upregulated. Expression of OLIG2 and growth were restored after termination of Notch1 stimulation. Remarkably, NICD expression induced the expression of pericyte cell markers (NG2, PDGFRβ, and α-smooth muscle actin [αSMA]) in GBM stem cells. This was paralleled with the induction of several angiogenesis-related factors most notably cytokines (heparin binding epidermal growth factor [HB-EGF], IL8, and PLGF), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP9), and adhesion proteins (vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 [VCAM1], intercellular adhesion molecule 1 [ICAM1], and integrin alpha 9 [ITGA9]). In xenotransplantation experiments, contrasting with the infiltrative and poorly vascularized tumors obtained with control GBM stem cells, Notch1 stimulation resulted in poorly disseminating but highly vascularized grafts containing large vessels with lumen. Notch1-stimulated GBM cells expressed pericyte cell markers and closely associated with endothelial cells. These results reveal an important role for the Notch1 pathway in regulating GBM stem cell plasticity and angiogenic properties.
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Soumis le : mercredi 4 septembre 2019 - 17:16:44
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:07




Pierre-Olivier Guichet, Sophie Guelfi, Marisa Teigell, Liesa Hoppe, Norbert Bakalara, et al.. Notch1 Stimulation Induces a Vascularization Switch With Pericyte-Like Cell Differentiation of Glioblastoma Stem Cells. STEM CELLS, AlphaMed Press, 2015, 33 (1), pp.21-34. ⟨10.1002/stem.1767⟩. ⟨hal-02278893⟩



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