Nutritional advice in older patients at risk of malnutrition during treatment for chemotherapy: a two-year randomized controlled trial

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: We tested the effect of dietary advice dedicated to increase intake in older patients at risk for malnutrition during chemotherapy, versus usual care, on one-year mortality. METHOD: We conducted a multicentre, open-label interventional, stratified (centre), parallel randomised controlled trial, with a 1ratio1 ratio, with two-year follow-up. Patients were aged 70 years or older treated with chemotherapy for solid tumour and at risk of malnutrition (MNA, Mini Nutritional Assessment 17-23.5). Intervention consisted of diet counselling with the aim of achieving an energy intake of 30 kCal/kg body weight/d and 1.2 g protein/kg/d, by face-to-face discussion targeting the main nutritional symptoms, compared to usual care. Interviews were performed 6 times during the chemotherapy sessions for 3 to 6 months. The primary endpoint was 1-year mortality and secondary endpoints were 2-year mortality, toxicities and chemotherapy outcomes. RESULTS: Between April 2007 and March 2010 we randomised 341 patients and 336 were analysed: mean (standard deviation) age of 78.0 y (4.9), 51.2% male, mean MNA 20.2 (2.1). Distribution of cancer types was similar in the two groups; the most frequent were colon (22.4%), lymphoma (14.9%), lung (10.4%), and pancreas (17.0%). Both groups increased their dietary intake, but to a larger extent with intervention (p\textless0.01). At the second visit, the energy target was achieved in 57 (40.4%) patients and the protein target in 66 (46.8%) with the intervention compared respectively to 13 (13.5%) and 20 (20.8%) in the controls. Death occurred during the first year in 143 patients (42.56%), without difference according to the intervention (p = 0.79). No difference in nutritional status changes was found. Response to chemotherapy was also similar between the groups. CONCLUSION: Early dietary counselling was efficient in increasing intake but had no beneficial effect on mortality or secondary outcomes. Cancer cachexia antianabolism may explain this lack of effect. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00459589.
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Soumis le : vendredi 28 juin 2019 - 13:49:46
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 juillet 2019 - 14:10:09

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I. Bourdel-Marchasson, C. Blanc-Bisson, A. Doussau, C. Germain, J. F. Blanc, et al.. Nutritional advice in older patients at risk of malnutrition during treatment for chemotherapy: a two-year randomized controlled trial. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, 9, pp.e108687. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0108687⟩. ⟨hal-02168057⟩

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