A copula-based approach for assessing flood protection overtopping associated with a seasonal flood forecast in Niamey, West Africa.

Abstract : Flood is one of the most important natural disasters that cause huge loss of life and properties every year around the world. Moreover, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies pointed out that floods were by far the greatest cause of homelessness. In West Africa, many countries are damaged from flooding almost every season. Thus, this study aimed to set a seasonal flood forecast model and carried out an evaluation of the level of risk associated with each seasonal forecast. HEC-RAS (Hydrologic Engineering Centers River Analysis System) was used to develop a hydro-dynamical model of Niger river on a 160km reach (80km upstream to 80kmdownstream of Niamey), then a simple risk measure was used to calculate the probability of overtopping the flood protection dykes in Niamey. Results show that the hydro-dynamical model reproduced well the rating curve over the period 2009-2014. A subsequent copula analysis demonstrated a dependency between flow on the Niger river and flow on the Sirba River, the main tributary contributing to the seasonal flood at Niamey. The Gumbel copula was found to be the best among the tested 5 copulas to represent the dependency between peak flow on the main channel of the Niger River and concomitant flow on the Sirba river. It is found that for the six dykes the probabilities of being overtopped by the flood range from very high (100%) to relatively low (16.67 %) over the 34 years of simulation.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02127466
Contributeur : Pascale Roussel <>
Soumis le : lundi 13 mai 2019 - 14:44:17
Dernière modification le : mardi 28 mai 2019 - 13:48:10

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-02127466, version 1

Citation

Abdouramane Gado Djibo, Ousmane Seidou, Hadiza Moussa Saley, Nathalie Philippon, Ketvara Sittichok, et al.. A copula-based approach for assessing flood protection overtopping associated with a seasonal flood forecast in Niamey, West Africa.. FRIEND 2016 - Conférence internationale sur les grands bassins hydrographiques africains, Nov 2016, Dakar, Senegal. ⟨hal-02127466⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

13