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Article Dans Une Revue Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Année : 2018

Temperature and nutrients as drivers of microbially mediated arsenic oxidation and removal from acid mine drainage

Corinne Casiot
Lidia Fernandez-Rojo
Eleonore Resongles
Angélique Desoeuvre
Marina Hery

Résumé

Microbial oxidation of iron (Fe) and arsenic (As) followed by their co-precipitation leads to the natural attenuation of these elements in As-rich acid mine drainage (AMD). The parameters driving the activity and diversity of bacterial communities responsible for this mitigation remain poorly understood. We conducted batch experiments to investigate the effect of temperature (20 vs 35 °C) and nutrient supply on the rate of Fe and As oxidation and precipitation, the bacterial diversity (high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene), and the As oxidation potential (quantification of aioA gene) in AMD from the Carnoulès mine (France). In batch incubated at 20 °C, the dominance of iron-oxidizing bacteria related to Gallionella spp. was associated with almost complete iron oxidation (98%). However, negligible As oxidation led to the formation of As(III)-rich precipitates. Incubation at 35 °C and nutrient supply both stimulated As oxidation (71-75%), linked to a higher abundance of aioA gene and the dominance of As-oxidizing bacteria related to Thiomonas spp. As a consequence, As(V)-rich precipitates (70-98% of total As) were produced. Our results highlight strong links between indigenous bacterial community composition and iron and arsenic removal efficiency within AMD and provide new insights for the future development of a biological treatment of As-rich AMD.
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Dates et versions

hal-02110146 , version 1 (28-05-2021)

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Citer

Vincent Tardy, Corinne Casiot, Lidia Fernandez-Rojo, Eleonore Resongles, Angélique Desoeuvre, et al.. Temperature and nutrients as drivers of microbially mediated arsenic oxidation and removal from acid mine drainage. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2018, 102 (5), pp.2413-2424. ⟨10.1007/s00253-017-8716-4⟩. ⟨hal-02110146⟩
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