Relationships between atmospheric circulation indices and rainfall in Northern Algeria and comparison of observed and RCM-generated rainfall

Abstract : This work aims, as a first step, to analyze rainfall variability in Northern Algeria, in particular extreme events, during the period from 1940 to 2010. Analysis of annual rainfall shows that stations in the northwest record a significant decrease in rainfall since the 1970s. Frequencies of rainy days for each percentile (5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, 95th, and 99th) and each rainfall interval class (1-5, 5-10, 10-20, 20-50, and 50 mm) do not show a significant change in the evolution of daily rainfall. The Tenes station is the only one to show a significant decrease in the frequency of rainy days up to the 75th percentile and for the 10-20-mm interval class. There is no significant change in the temporal evolution of extreme events in the 90th, 95th, and 99th percentiles. The relationships between rainfall variability and general atmospheric circulation indices for interannual and extreme event variability are moderately influenced by the El Nino-Southern Oscillation and Mediterranean Oscillation. Significant correlations are observed between the Southern Oscillation Index and annual rainfall in the northwestern part of the study area, which is likely linked with the decrease in rainfall in this region. Seasonal rainfall in Northern Algeria is affected by the Mediterranean Oscillation and North Atlantic Oscillation in the west. The ENSEMBLES regional climate models (RCMs) are assessed using the bias method to test their ability to reproduce rainfall variability at different time scales. The Centre National de Recherches M,t,orologiques (CNRM), Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI), Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich (ETHZ), and Forschungszentrum Geesthacht (GKSS) models yield the least biased results.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02096934
Contributeur : Mélanie Karli <>
Soumis le : jeudi 11 avril 2019 - 16:35:51
Dernière modification le : mardi 28 mai 2019 - 13:48:10

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S. Taïbi, M. Meddi, G. Mahé, A. Assani. Relationships between atmospheric circulation indices and rainfall in Northern Algeria and comparison of observed and RCM-generated rainfall. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Springer Verlag, 2017, 127 (1-2), pp.241-257. ⟨10.1007/s00704-015-1626-4⟩. ⟨hal-02096934⟩

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