Heterogeneous fluid flow in fractured layered carbonates and its implication for generation of incipient karst

Abstract : We use numerical models to investigate fluid flow in layered fractured carbonate rocks, and specifically to investigate the effects of the structural and hydraulic properties of both joints and bedding planes on flow localization. Synthetic fracture networks made up of two jointed layers separated by a horizontal bedding plane are generated to represent the typical layered fracture systems often formed in carbonate rocks. A uniform aperture field is assumed for each joint set and for the bedding plane, but different joint sets and the bedding plane can have non-identical values. The aperture ratio of the joint sets to the bedding plane is found to dominate the behaviour of flow heterogeneity on the bedding plane. Three distinct flow regimes, i.e. joint-dominated, transitional and bedding plane-dominated, are recognized. The magnitude of the aperture ratio controls which flow regime develops. We further suggest that the different flow regimes may be responsible for the initiation of different types of incipient karst morphologies observed in nature: pipe karst, stripe karst and sheet karst.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02087117
Contributeur : Mélanie Karli <>
Soumis le : lundi 1 avril 2019 - 18:07:26
Dernière modification le : mardi 28 mai 2019 - 13:48:10

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Xiaoguang Wang, Qinghua Lei, Lidia Lonergan, Hervé Jourde, Olivier Gosselin, et al.. Heterogeneous fluid flow in fractured layered carbonates and its implication for generation of incipient karst. Advances in Water Resources, Elsevier, 2017, 107, pp.502-516. ⟨10.1016/j.advwatres.2017.05.016⟩. ⟨hal-02087117⟩

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