Flood duration frequency analysis in a changing climate : the methodology applied to Fengle River (Yangtze basin, China)

Abstract : The Chao Lake, located in the Yangtze basin, is the fifth largest freshwater lake in China. The lake catchment (9130 km2 ) includes the city of Hefei (3.5 million inhabitants) and a large extent of paddy fields and rural areas. The Fengle River is a tributary of the Chao Lake. It is currently subject to flood risks and inundation issues. Many changes are expected in land use and agricultural practices in the future, due to the tourist appeal of the Chao Lake shore and the fast expansion of the city of Hefei. Climate changes are also expected in this region, with a high impact on the rainfall regime. The consequences of all these changes on flood occurrence and magnitude are a major issue for the economic development of the area and tools are needed to carry out such an analysis. Here, a methodology is proposed for investigating the potential impact of rainfall regime change on flood duration and frequencies in the future. The methodology consists of three steps: first from a literature review scenarios of changes in precipitation are identified and used to build future series of daily rainfall; secondly, future daily discharges are simulated using a distributed hydrological model (MERCEDES) previously calibrated on current rainfall–discharge data; finally the current vs future discharge dynamics are characterized in terms of flood frequencies from discharge–duration–frequency curves. The methodology is implemented on the Fengle River, for which 20 years of daily discharges (Taoxi station), daily rainfall (eight stations), temperature and evapotranspiration (Hefei weather station) are available.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02068774
Contributeur : Pascale Roussel <>
Soumis le : vendredi 15 mars 2019 - 11:32:21
Dernière modification le : mardi 28 mai 2019 - 13:48:10

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  • HAL Id : hal-02068774, version 1

Citation

Christian Salles, Yin Chu, J.L. Perrin, Marie-George Tournoud, L. Boudet, et al.. Flood duration frequency analysis in a changing climate : the methodology applied to Fengle River (Yangtze basin, China). Friend-Water 2014 : Hydrology in a Changing World : Environmental and Human Dimensions, Oct 2014, Montpellier, France. ⟨hal-02068774⟩

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