A New Rat Model for Translational Research in Bone Regeneration

Abstract : The European Union (EU) directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purpose focused on reducing the number of animals and refinement of breeding. Animal studies are necessary to protect human health. Lots of animal models exist to study bone regeneration, but a reliable, well reproducible, and relatively inexpensive model with the possibility for multiple testing in the same animal is still missing. Rats may serve as good models for this due to the small animal size and good cost/benefit ratio. The present study aimed to develop a novel rat caudal vertebrae critical size defect model for bone regeneration and implant osseointegration studies The study was performed using Wistar rats with weight from 380 to 450 g. An incision was made on the dorsal side of the tail. After skin and muscles retractions, the vertebrae were exposed. Critical size defects for bone tissue engineering or implant placements for titanium body experiments were possible in each of the first four caudal vertebrae. Micro-computed tomography (CT) and histology were used to detect bone growth. There was no bone formation in the defects after 1 or 2 months of healing. When a calcium phosphate biomaterial was used (Bio-Oss®; Geistlich Pharma AG, Wolhusen, Switzerland), a good stability of the material in the defect was noted and bone growth was visible after 1 or 2 months. Results based on implant placement showed good primary stability after 3 months of healing. MicroCT showed integrated implant position through the vertebra. These results suggest that the rat caudal vertebrae may serve as a good new model for studying bone regeneration and implant osseointegration with the possibility of multiple testing within the same experimental animal and the potential to decrease number of experimental animals.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02046093
Contributeur : Matthieu Renaud <>
Soumis le : vendredi 22 février 2019 - 15:15:01
Dernière modification le : mercredi 29 mai 2019 - 09:46:01

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Matthieu Renaud, Sandor Farkasdi, Coline Pons, Ivan Panayotov, Pierre-Yves Collart-Dutilleul, et al.. A New Rat Model for Translational Research in Bone Regeneration. Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods, Mary Ann Liebert, 2016, 22 (2), pp.125-131. ⟨10.1089/ten.TEC.2015.0187⟩. ⟨hal-02046093⟩

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