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Communication dans un congrès

Phenomena associated to the transfer of rare earths involved in separation chemistry: from the molecular modelling to chemical engineering

Abstract : Recycling of metals, such as rare earths, into valuable material relies on ion specific separation, basis of the hydrometallurgy. Most of efficient methods known for separating ions are based on equilibria between complex fluids, typically between aqueous and organised organic phases. Indeed, ions migrate from the aqueous to the organic phase thanks to surfactant or extractant molecules in the organic phase, and then are captured in reverse micelles. Understanding the driving forces of the ion transfer is therefore a crucial issue to understand the properties of liquid liquid interfaces between organic and aqueous phases, but also to assess the chemical potentials of the compounds involved. Here, we propose multi-scale approaches for calculating thermodynamics properties of ions in aqueous and organic phases directly comparable to the experiments ones only by taking into account the molecular properties of the solutes with no adjustable parameters. Based on the osmotic equilibrium method, activities and activity coefficients for aqueous electrolyte solutions composed of nitrate lanthanide salts have been successfully calculated. In the meantime, thermodynamics properties of solutes in organic phase have been deduced from umbrella-sampling molecular dynamics simulations. We demonstrated that molecular complexes formed during solvent extraction self-assemble as reverse micelles, and therefore induce a supramolecular organization. In most of the cases, water molecules play an essential role in the organization of this non polar medium. Coupling these solute molecular properties with a mesoscopic water/oil interface model allows for accessing all the thermodynamic properties needed for chemical engineering, e.g. activity coefficients, association constants, ternary phase diagrams.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02004068
Contributeur : Magali Duvail Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 1 février 2019 - 15:18:32
Dernière modification le : lundi 11 octobre 2021 - 13:24:59

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  • HAL Id : hal-02004068, version 1

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Magali Duvail, Philippe Guilbaud, M. Bley, S. van Damme, Y.-S. Chen, et al.. Phenomena associated to the transfer of rare earths involved in separation chemistry: from the molecular modelling to chemical engineering. International Conference on Science, Technology and Applications of Rare Earths (ICSTAR-2018), Sep 2018, Tirupati, India. ⟨hal-02004068⟩

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