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Predicting for thermodynamic instabilities in water/oil/surfactant microemulsions: A mesoscopic modelling approach

Abstract : The thermodynamics and structural properties of flexible and rigid nonionic water/oil/surfactant microemulsions have been investigated using a two level-cut Gaussian random field method based on the Helfrich formalism. Ternary stability diagrams and scattering spectra have been calculated for different surfactant rigidities and spontaneous curvatures. A more important contribution of the Gaussian elastic constants compared to the bending one is observed on the ternary stability diagrams. Furthermore, influence of the spontaneous curvature of the surfactant points out a displacement of the instability domains which corresponds to the difference between the spontaneous and effective curvatures. We enlighten that a continuous transition from a connected water in oil droplets to a frustrated locally lamellar (oil in water in oil droplets) microstructure is found to occur when increasing the temperature for an oil-rich microemulsion. This continuous transition translated in a shift in the scattering functions, points out that the phase inversion phenomenon occurs by a coalescence of the water droplets.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02001423
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Soumis le : jeudi 31 janvier 2019 - 11:15:02
Dernière modification le : lundi 25 octobre 2021 - 11:38:30

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Magali Duvail, Lise Arleth, Thomas Zemb, Jean-François Dufrêche. Predicting for thermodynamic instabilities in water/oil/surfactant microemulsions: A mesoscopic modelling approach. Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2014, 140 (16), pp.164711. ⟨10.1063/1.4873357⟩. ⟨hal-02001423⟩

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