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Genetically diverse Plasmodium falciparum infections, within-host competition and symptomatic malaria in humans

Abstract : There is a large genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum strains that infect people causing diverse malaria symptoms. This study was carried out to explore the effect of mixed-strain infections and the extent to which some specific P. falciparum variants are associated with particular malaria symptoms. P. falciparum isolates collected during pharmacovigilance study in Nanoro, Burkina Faso were used to determine allelic variation in two polymorphic antigens of the merozoite surface (msp1 and msp2). Overall, parasite density did not increase with additional strains, suggesting the existence of within-host competition. Parasite density was influenced by msp1 allelic families with highest parasitaemia observed in MAD20 allelic family. However, when in mixed infections with allelic family K1, MAD20 could not grow to the same levels as it would alone, suggesting competitive suppression in these mixed infections. Host age was associated with parasite density. Overall, older patients exhibited lower parasite densities than younger patients, but this effect varied with the genetic composition of the isolates for the msp1 gene. There was no effect of msp1 and msp2 allelic family variation on body temperature. Haemoglobin level was influenced by msp2 family with patients harboring the FC27 allele showing lower haemoglobin level than mono-infected individuals by the 3D7 allele. This study provides evidence that P. falciparum genetic diversity influenced the severity of particular malaria symptoms and supports the existence of within-host competition in genetically diverse P. falciparum.
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Soumis le : mardi 29 janvier 2019 - 13:00:03
Dernière modification le : vendredi 23 octobre 2020 - 15:32:02

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Paul Sondo, Karim Derra, Thierry Lefèvre, Seydou Diallo-Nakanabo, Zékiba Tarnagda, et al.. Genetically diverse Plasmodium falciparum infections, within-host competition and symptomatic malaria in humans. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9, pp.127. ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-36493-y⟩. ⟨hal-01997986⟩

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