Seasonal habitat and length influence on the trophic niche of co-occurring tropical tunas in the eastern Atlantic Ocean

Abstract : In the Gulf of Guinea, bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus; BET) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares; YFT) are an important part of commercial fisheries and play a prominent ecological role as top predators. Using fatty acid profiles and carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes, we examined their trophic niche partitioning in this understudied region. Trophic niche overlap was high (> 70%), similar to percentages in other ocean basins. BET occupied a higher trophic position than YFT and fed on deeper prey (high delta N-15 values and high proportions of monounsaturated fatty acids). The trophic position of YFT decreased slightly in the last 15 years (delta N-15 values decreased by similar to 0.5 parts per thousand), suggesting a change in epipelagic communities, as observed in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Ontogenic changes were limited to BET. For both species, the dietary proportion of the diatom marker 20:5(n-3) increased in the seasonal upwelling area, highlighting the influence of seasonal habitat on the diet of tuna. The relatively lipid-rich muscle (similar to 6% dry mass) of Atlantic tropical tuna suggests a richer diet in this region than that of Indian Ocean tropical tuna and (or) differences in energy allocation strategies.
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Article dans une revue
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2019, 76 (1), pp.69-80
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01993772
Contributeur : Isabelle Vidal Ayouba <>
Soumis le : vendredi 25 janvier 2019 - 10:06:54
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 14:29:49

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  • HAL Id : hal-01993772, version 1

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Fany Sardenne, N'Guessan Constance Diaha, Monin Justin Amande, Iker Zudaire, Lydie I. E. Couturier, et al.. Seasonal habitat and length influence on the trophic niche of co-occurring tropical tunas in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2019, 76 (1), pp.69-80. 〈hal-01993772〉

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