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Body mass index kinetics around adiposity rebound in Anorexia nervosa: A case-control study

Abstract : BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with parameters involved in body mass index (BMI) regulation. Contrary to obesity, BMI kinetics around the adiposity rebound is not documented in AN. This study aimed at investigating which characteristics of BMI kinetics around the adiposity rebound are associated with AN. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study with 101 inpatient women with AN onset after 10 years of age, and 101 healthy women, all free of overweight history and matched for age, level of education and fathers' socio-professional status. Age at adiposity rebound, pre- and post-adiposity rebound BMI velocities and accelerations (change in velocity over time) were estimated with linear mixed models using data recorded between 2 and 10 years of age. RESULTS: Patients had an earlier adiposity rebound (mean (standard deviation (SD)): 5.3 (1.3) vs 5.7 (1.1) years), a larger BMI at adiposity rebound (mean (SD): 15.3 [1] vs 14.9 (0.9) kg/m2) and 29% lower BMI acceleration after adiposity rebound than controls. After adjustment, only BMI at adiposity rebound and BMI acceleration after adiposity rebound were associated with a higher risk of AN (Odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 2.15 [1.41-3.46] for an increase of 1 kg/m2 and 2.44 [1.56-4.02] for an increase of 0.1 kg/(m2*years2) respectively). These two factors were not correlated in patients (r = 0.007, p = 0.96). CONCLUSIONS: A flattened evolution of BMI after adiposity rebound and higher BMI at adiposity rebound were associated with AN. Further prospective study is needed to confirm these findings.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01989421
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Soumis le : mardi 22 janvier 2019 - 14:05:26
Dernière modification le : mercredi 3 novembre 2021 - 06:09:54

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Rémi Neveu, Dorine Neveu, Edouard Carrier, Nadia Ourrad, Alain Perroud, et al.. Body mass index kinetics around adiposity rebound in Anorexia nervosa: A case-control study. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, ESPEN/Elsevier, 2016, 15, pp.32-37. ⟨10.1016/j.clnesp.2016.05.005⟩. ⟨hal-01989421⟩

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