Inflammatory bowel diseases in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–associated vasculitides: 11 retrospective cases from the French Vasculitis Study Group

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Coexistence of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) and IBD is a rare condition that is rarely described in the literature. The aim of the study was to describe the main characteristics of patients presenting with both IBD and AAV. METHODS: A retrospective study of AAV patients in the French Vasculitis Study Group cohort who also had a diagnosis of IBD was conducted. We reviewed the medical records and outcomes of these patients. RESULTS: We identified 11 patients with AAV and IBD. Four patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss) also had ulcerative colitis and seven patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) had Crohn's disease. No Crohn's disease was observed in eosinophilic GPA and no ulcerative colitis in GPA. IBD started before AAV manifestations in six cases, simultaneously in two cases and after AAV manifestations in three cases. CONCLUSION: Coexistence of IBD and AAV is a rare condition. The therapeutic management of these patients includes corticosteroids in all cases and immunosuppressive drugs in some patients. Coexistence of IBD and AAV might be explained by common underlying inflammatory responses and cytokine profiles polarized towards either Th1 or Th2. Finally, in the presence of digestive manifestations in the context of AAV, the hypothesis of IBD should be assessed.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01985124
Contributeur : Cécile Nowak <>
Soumis le : jeudi 17 janvier 2019 - 16:03:28
Dernière modification le : mardi 28 mai 2019 - 10:42:02

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Sébastien Humbert, Philippe Guilpain, Xavier Puechal, Benjamin Terrier, Sophie Rivière, et al.. Inflammatory bowel diseases in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–associated vasculitides: 11 retrospective cases from the French Vasculitis Study Group. Rheumatology, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2015, 54 (11), pp.1970-1975. ⟨10.1093/rheumatology/kev199⟩. ⟨hal-01985124⟩

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