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Cultured Cells from the Human Oocyte Cumulus Niche Are Efficient Feeders to Propagate Pluripotent Stem Cells

Abstract : Pluripotency is at the crossroads of stem cell research and biology of reproduction. The mature metaphase II oocyte contains the key factors for pluripotency induction and maintenance as assessed by its capacity to reprogram somatic nuclei. The cumulus cells (CCs) niche that surrounds the oocyte is crucial for its maturation and presumably for the oocyte to acquire its competence to confer pluripotency. In this study, we examined whether cells cultured from the human mature metaphase II oocyte CC niche (hCC) could be used as feeders for the propagation of human induced pluripotent stem cells. The induced pluripotent (iPS) cells cultured on hCC (hCC-iPS) were assessed for their pluripotency potential by their expression of pluripotency-associated genes such as Oct4, Nanog, and TRA1-60 and their competence to differentiate into the three germ layers in vitro (embryoid bodies) as well as in vivo (teratoma formation). We show that not only the hCC-iPS cells maintained their pluripotency potential, but they also exhibited much better self-renewal performance in terms of proliferation rate compared to the same cells cultured on human foreskin fibroblast (hFF) feeders (hFF-iPS). A comparative gene expression profile study of hCC and hFF revealed significant differences (P < 0.05) in expression of cellular matrix components and an upregulation in hCC of genes known to be important players in cell proliferation such as interleukin 6 gene (IL6).
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01977969
Contributeur : Cécile Nowak <>
Soumis le : vendredi 11 janvier 2019 - 11:04:14
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:10

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Said Assou, Emilie Pourret, Marie Péquignot, Valérie Rigau, Vasiliki Kalatzis, et al.. Cultured Cells from the Human Oocyte Cumulus Niche Are Efficient Feeders to Propagate Pluripotent Stem Cells. Stem Cells and Development, Mary Ann Liebert, 2015, 24 (19), pp.2317-2327. ⟨10.1089/scd.2015.0043⟩. ⟨hal-01977969⟩

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