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Article Dans Une Revue Molecules Année : 2018

Tuning Texture and Morphology of Mesoporous TiO2 by Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Syntheses

Résumé

The development of powerful synthetic methodologies is paramount in the design of advanced nanostructured materials. Owing to its remarkable properties and low cost, nanostructured TiO2 is widely investigated for applications such as photocatalysis, energy conversion or energy storage. In this article we report the synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 by three different non-hydrolytic sol-gel routes, and we investigate the influence of the synthetic route and of the presence and nature of the solvent on the structure, texture and morphology of the materials. The first route is the well-known ether route, based on the reaction of TiCl4 with iPr2O. The second and third routes, which have not been previously described for the synthesis of mesoporous TiO2, involve the reaction of Ti(OiPr)4 with stoichiometric amounts of acetophenone and benzoic anhydride, respectively. All materials are characterized by XRD, N2 physisorption and SEM. By playing with the non-hydrolytic route used and the reaction conditions (presence of a solvent, nature of the solvent, calcination), it is possible to tune the morphology and texture of the TiO2. Depending on the reaction conditions, a large variety of mesoporous TiO2 nanostructures could be obtained, resulting from the spontaneous aggregation of TiO2 nanoparticles, either rounded nanoparticles, platelets or nanorods. These nanoparticle networks exhibited a specific surface area up to 250 m2 g−1 before calcination, or up to 110 m2 g−1 after calcination.

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Chimie
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hal-01953153 , version 1 (06-07-2020)

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Yanhui Wang, Maroua Bouchneb, Johan Alauzun, P. Hubert Mutin. Tuning Texture and Morphology of Mesoporous TiO2 by Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Syntheses. Molecules, 2018, 23 (11), pp.3006. ⟨10.3390/molecules23113006⟩. ⟨hal-01953153⟩
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