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Article dans une revue

Infections et thromboses veineuses en pédiatrie : analyse d’une série de 24 cas

Abstract : Venous thromboembolism disease (VTE) is rare in children (5.3 of 10,000 hospitalized children). However, morbidity and mortality are high, especially when the child is already suffering from severe sepsis. We report an analytical study of 24 cases of deep venous thrombosis occurring in children during infection, recorded at the Montpellier University Hospital between 1999 and 2009. Many parameters were studied in each population (age, sex, familial and personal history of thrombosis, history of thrombophilia, the presence of a venous catheter, a causative organism, time to onset of thrombus, topography of lesions, acquired abnormalities of hemostasis, and thrombosis prophylaxis). The children were aged from 1 day of life to 16 years. Thromboses occurred in two clinical contexts: "contact" thrombosis (which appeared near the infection) and disseminated thrombosis. This is an early complication because in most of the cases, it appeared in the first 10 days of sepsis. Infection and coagulation appear to be closely related and the states of latent or decompensated disseminated intravascular coagulation are common. Nevertheless, it is not possible to predict the occurence of a thrombotic event. The presence of risk factors (venous catheters, acquired thrombophilia, or constitutional thrombophilia) may increase the thrombogenic potential of the infection. VTE should always be suspected and sought in case of an unfavorable clinical course, and routine prophylaxis of thrombosis during sepsis should be discussed.
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Soumis le : mercredi 5 décembre 2018 - 16:11:56
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 juin 2020 - 16:58:21




M. Nou, M. Rodiere, J.-F. Schved, J.-P. Laroche, I. Quéré, et al.. Infections et thromboses veineuses en pédiatrie : analyse d’une série de 24 cas. Archives de Pédiatrie, Elsevier, 2014, 21 (7), pp.697-704. ⟨10.1016/j.arcped.2014.04.031⟩. ⟨hal-01945936⟩



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