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Genetic characterization of a red colour morph of Euphorbia esula subsp. esula (Euphorbiaceae) in the floodplains of the Saône (Eastern France)

Abstract : A new morph of Leafy spurge, Euphorbia esula L., was discovered in the floodplains of the Val de Saône (VDS) France. In this region, the plant, an emerging weed, is showing two different morph colors: the common “green” variant, and a "red" variant, observed at a low proportion. We compared the sequence data for the plastid trnT trnF region among individuals of both morphs from the VDS, as well other populations from Europe, and North America, where this plant is invasive. In addition, we analysed the ploidy found among VDS individuals for both colors. Results showed that both morphs share two of the three cpDNA haplotypes found in the VDS and are both hexaploids (2n=6x=60). These results suggest that the red morph is only an environmental variant of E. esula subsp. esula. Our results indicated that leafy spurge infestations in this region form a genetically diverse structuring composed of three cpDNA haplotypes, two of which are shared by the two morphs
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01940184
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Soumis le : vendredi 30 novembre 2018 - 09:47:38
Dernière modification le : lundi 11 octobre 2021 - 13:22:34

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Matthew Augé, Marie-Claude Bon, Laurent Hardion, Thomas Le Bourgeois, René F.H. Sforza. Genetic characterization of a red colour morph of Euphorbia esula subsp. esula (Euphorbiaceae) in the floodplains of the Saône (Eastern France). Botany / Botanique, NRC Research Press, 2016, 94 (10), pp.1001-1007. ⟨10.1139/cjb-2016-0067⟩. ⟨hal-01940184⟩

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