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Article dans une revue

Management of Leishmaniases in the Era of Climate Change in Morocco

Abstract : The proliferation of vector-borne diseases are predicted to increase in a changing climate and Leishmaniases, as a vector-borne diseases, are re-emerging diseases in several regions of the world. In Morocco, during the last decade, a sharp increase in cutaneous leishmaniases cases has been reported. Nevertheless, in Morocco, leishmaniases are a major public health problem, and little interest was given to climate change impacts on the distribution and spread of these diseases. As insect-borne diseases, the incidence and distribution of leishmaniases are influenced by environmental changes, but also by several socioeconomic and cultural factors. From a biological point of view, environmental variables have effects on the survival of insect vectors and mammalian reservoirs, which, in turn, affects transmission. Here, we highlight the effects of climate change in Morocco and discuss its consequences on the epidemiology of leishmaniases to identify challenges and define targeted recommendations to fight this disease.
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ijerph-15-01542.pdf
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Kahime Kholoud, Sereno Denis, Bounoua Lahouari, Moulay El Hidan, Bouhout Souad. Management of Leishmaniases in the Era of Climate Change in Morocco. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, MDPI, 2018, 15 (7), ⟨10.3390/ijerph15071542⟩. ⟨hal-01892448⟩

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