Forced midexpiratory flow between 25% and 75% of forced vital capacity is associated with long-term persistence of asthma and poor asthma outcomes - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Année : 2016

Forced midexpiratory flow between 25% and 75% of forced vital capacity is associated with long-term persistence of asthma and poor asthma outcomes

Résumé

BACKGROUND: Whether small-airway obstruction contributes to the long-term evolution of asthma remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess whether the level of forced midexpiratory flow between 25% and 75% of forced vital capacity (FEF25-75) was associated with the persistence of current asthma over 20 years and the subsequent risk for uncontrolled asthma independently of FEV1. METHODS: We studied 337 participants (142 children and 225 adults) with current asthma (asthma attacks or treatment in the past 12 months) recruited to the Epidemiological Study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA1) and followed up at the 12- and 20-year surveys. Persistent current asthma was defined by current asthma reported at each survey. A lung function test and a methacholine challenge test were performed at EGEA1 and EGEA2. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were estimated for FEF25-75 decreased by 10% of predicted value. RESULTS: A reduced level of FEF25-75 at EGEA1 increased the risk of long-term asthma persistence (adjusted OR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.00-1.29). In children the association remained significant after further adjustment for FEV1 and in participants with FEV1 of greater than 80% of predicted value. A reduced FEF25-75 level at EGEA1 was significantly associated with more severe bronchial hyperresponsiveness (P < .0001) and with current asthma a decade later, with an association that tended to be stronger in those with (adjusted OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.14-1.81) compared with those without (adjusted OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.05-1.41) asthma exacerbation. CONCLUSION: Our analysis is the first to suggest that small-airway obstruction, as assessed based on FEF25-75, might contribute to the long-term persistence of asthma and the subsequent risk for poor asthma outcomes independently from effects of the large airways.

Dates et versions

hal-01885681 , version 1 (02-10-2018)

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Valérie Siroux, Anne Boudier, Maïa Dolgopoloff, Sébastien Chanoine, Jean Bousquet, et al.. Forced midexpiratory flow between 25% and 75% of forced vital capacity is associated with long-term persistence of asthma and poor asthma outcomes. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2016, 137 (6), pp.1709 - 1716.e6. ⟨10.1016/j.jaci.2015.10.029⟩. ⟨hal-01885681⟩
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