Mosaicism in autoinflammatory diseases: Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) and beyond. A systematic review

Abstract : Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) are conditions related to defective regulation of the innate immune system. Sanger sequencing of the causative genes has long been the reference for confirming the diagnosis. However, for many patients with a typical AID phenotype, the genetic cause remains unknown. A pioneering study in 2005 demonstrated mosaicism in patients with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS); the authors found somatic mosaicism in 69% of their cohort of Sanger-negative CAPS patients. We aim to address the extent to which mosaicism contributes to the etiology of AIDs and its impact on phenotype. We retrieved English-language publications reporting mosaicism in AIDs by querying PubMed with no restriction on date and we surveyed French reference centers. We provide a comprehensive clinical and genetic picture of mosaicism in AIDs. We estimate that the proportion of CAPS-like patients presenting mosaicism ranges from 0.5% to 19%. We also discuss the possible links between the proportion of mutated alleles and various clinical features. This review reevaluates the contribution of mosaic DNA variants in CAPS. Mosaicism may be more common than anticipated in other AIDs. No significant difference was demonstrated between variant allele frequency and clinical phenotype. Such knowledge has implications for the development of guidelines for genetic diagnosis, genetic counseling of affected families and effective patient care.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01870365
Contributeur : Alexandre Philips <>
Soumis le : vendredi 7 septembre 2018 - 14:55:59
Dernière modification le : lundi 30 décembre 2019 - 01:16:17

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Marielle Labrousse, Charlotte Kevorkian-Verguet, Guilaine Boursier, Dorota Rowczenio, Francois Maurier, et al.. Mosaicism in autoinflammatory diseases: Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) and beyond. A systematic review. Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Taylor & Francis, 2018, 55 (6), pp.432 - 442. ⟨10.1080/10408363.2018.1488805⟩. ⟨hal-01870365⟩

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