Wear your diet on your teeth: Dental Microwear Texture Analysis as a proxy for estimating the diet of extinct South American caviomorph rodents - Université de Montpellier Accéder directement au contenu
Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2018

Wear your diet on your teeth: Dental Microwear Texture Analysis as a proxy for estimating the diet of extinct South American caviomorph rodents

Résumé

Modern caviomorphs or South American hystricognathous rodents exhibit a great taxonomical and ecological diversity,with a broad spectrum of dietary habits, ranging from frugivorous to grass eaters. Their oldest record dates back to the late middle Eocene from Peruvian Amazonia. Continuous paleontological field efforts have substantially increased the fossil record of early caviomorphs, testifying of a complex early evolutionary history. The late Oligocene locality of Salla (Bolivia) has yielded a diverse assemblage of caviomorphs, including taxa representing the four extant superfamilies. The systematics of the Salla rodents is now better established, but little is known regarding their ecology and ecological interactions. Here, we reconstructed the diet of the Salla rodents in performing a Dental Microwear Texture Analysis (DMTA) on the enamel tooth surface. Microwear analyses are proxies providing an insight not on the ability but directly on the use of teeth. The DMTA describes and analyzes automatically surface textures with a high degree of precision. We firstly analyzed the microwear texture of 79 wild specimens of extant caviomorphs showing different feeding habits that we compared with those of 241 fossil specimens from Salla. For each specimen of modern and fossil species, we performed a scan on a high resolution silicon mold of the molar occlusal surface with an optical surface profilometer (2). We then applied a scalesensitive fractal analysis with Toothfrax and Sfrax softwares to describe the microwear textures through four variables: Asfc (complexity), epLsar (anisotropy), HAsfc (heterogeneity of the complexity), and TFV (textural fill volume).

Domaines

Paléontologie
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Dates et versions

hal-01852600 , version 1 (13-09-2018)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01852600 , version 1

Citer

Céline Robinet, Gildas Merceron, Bernardino Mamani Quispe, Myriam Boivin, Adriana Candela, et al.. Wear your diet on your teeth: Dental Microwear Texture Analysis as a proxy for estimating the diet of extinct South American caviomorph rodents. 5 th International Paleontological Congress (IPC5), Jul 2018, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01852600⟩
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