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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Theoretical Biology Année : 2015

Random phylogenies and the distribution of branching times

Résumé

Phylogenetic trees reconstructed without fossils have become an important source of information to study evolutionary processes. A widely used method to describe patterns of phylogenetic diversification is known as the lineages-through-time (LTT) plot. Recently, it has been shown that it is possible to predict the distribution of the branching times of a phylogeny, thus making possible to derive a theoretical LTT curve conditioned on diversification parameters. Here, I review some aspects related to this prediction showing how to derive it for any time-dependent model of diversification, as well as calculating a prediction interval around a theoretical LTT curve. The accuracy of the prediction interval was assessed with simulations using fixed or random tree sizes under constant-rate models as well as two models of time-dependent diversification. The prediction intervals were relatively narrower and more accurate for larger trees. The features of this approach are discussed as well as its potential applications.
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Dates et versions

hal-01821944 , version 1 (23-06-2018)

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Emmanuel Paradis. Random phylogenies and the distribution of branching times. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 2015, 387, pp.39 - 45. ⟨10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.09.005⟩. ⟨hal-01821944⟩
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