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Parental educational attainment and offspring subjective well-being and self-beliefs in older adulthood

Abstract : This research examines whether parental educational attainment and subjective childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with adult offspring well-being and self-beliefs (broadly defined). Participants from the Health and Retirement Study were included if they completed the leave-behind questionnaire in 2006 or 2008 (N = 10,827; Mage = 68.38; SD = 9.81; range = 50–101). Participants reported on their own and both parents' educational attainment, subjective childhood financial situation, and financial difficulties in childhood at study entry and on well-being in 2006/2008. Linear regression was used to examine the association between offspring education, parental education, childhood SES and three aspects of well-being and self-beliefs: positive affect (e.g., positive emotions, optimism), negative affect (e.g., loneliness, hostility), and cognitive evaluation (e.g., life satisfaction). Participants with more education reported higher well-being (median β = 0.12). Parental educational attainment, subjective childhood SES, and a significant financial event during childhood were associated with more positive affect, less negative affect, and higher life satisfaction (median β = 0.05); these associations held controlling for offspring education. The educational and financial environment of childhood may hamper well-being into older adulthood; the offspring's own experiences and achievements do not completely attenuate the association with these aspects of the childhood environment.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01815720
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Soumis le : jeudi 14 juin 2018 - 14:25:00
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 10:45:32

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Angelina R. Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano. Parental educational attainment and offspring subjective well-being and self-beliefs in older adulthood. Personality and Individual Differences, Elsevier, 2018, 128, pp.139 - 145. ⟨10.1016/j.paid.2018.01.023⟩. ⟨hal-01815720⟩

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