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Article Dans Une Revue Neurology Genetics Année : 2018

AP4 deficiency: A novel form of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation?

Nicolas Leboucq
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Cyril Goizet
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Rita Horvath
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Résumé

Objective To describe the clinico-radiological phenotype of 3 patients harboring a homozygous novel AP4M1 pathogenic mutation. Methods The 3 patients from an inbred family who exhibited early-onset developmental delay, tetraparesis, juvenile motor function deterioration, and intellectual deficiency were investigated by magnetic brain imaging using T1-weighted, T2-weighted, T2*-weighted, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) sequences. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on the 3 patients. Results In the 3 patients, brain imaging identified the same pattern of bilateral SWI hyposignal of the globus pallidus, concordant with iron accumulation. A novel homozygous nonsense mutation was identified in AP4M1, segregating with the disease and leading to truncation of half of the adap domain of the protein. Conclusions Our results suggest that AP4M1 represents a new candidate gene that should be considered in the neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) spectrum of disorders and highlight the intersections between hereditary spastic paraplegia and NBIA clinical presentations.
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Dates et versions

hal-01797330 , version 1 (08-05-2020)

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Agathe Roubertie, Nelson Hieu, Charles-Joris Roux, Nicolas Leboucq, Gaël Manes, et al.. AP4 deficiency: A novel form of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation?. Neurology Genetics, 2018, 4 (1), pp.e217. ⟨10.1212/NXG.0000000000000217⟩. ⟨hal-01797330⟩
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