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AP4 deficiency: A novel form of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation?

Abstract : Objective To describe the clinico-radiological phenotype of 3 patients harboring a homozygous novel AP4M1 pathogenic mutation. Methods The 3 patients from an inbred family who exhibited early-onset developmental delay, tetraparesis, juvenile motor function deterioration, and intellectual deficiency were investigated by magnetic brain imaging using T1-weighted, T2-weighted, T2*-weighted, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) sequences. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on the 3 patients. Results In the 3 patients, brain imaging identified the same pattern of bilateral SWI hyposignal of the globus pallidus, concordant with iron accumulation. A novel homozygous nonsense mutation was identified in AP4M1, segregating with the disease and leading to truncation of half of the adap domain of the protein. Conclusions Our results suggest that AP4M1 represents a new candidate gene that should be considered in the neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) spectrum of disorders and highlight the intersections between hereditary spastic paraplegia and NBIA clinical presentations.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01797330
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Soumis le : vendredi 8 mai 2020 - 10:34:48
Dernière modification le : dimanche 24 mai 2020 - 22:04:02

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2018 Roubertie et al., AP4 def...
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Agathe Roubertie, Nelson Hieu, Charles-Joris Roux, Nicolas Leboucq, Gaël Manes, et al.. AP4 deficiency: A novel form of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation?. Neurology Genetics, American Academy of Neurology, 2018, 4 (1), pp.e217. ⟨10.1212/NXG.0000000000000217⟩. ⟨hal-01797330⟩

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