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Chapitre D'ouvrage Année : 2005

Epigenetic regulation of mammalian imprinted genes: from primary to functional imprints.

Michael Weber
Hélène Hagège
Nathalie Aptel
  • Fonction : Auteur
Claude Brunel
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Parental genomic imprinting was discovered in mammals some 20 years ago. This phenomenon, crucial for normal development, rapidly became a key to understanding epigenetic regulation of mammalian gene expression. In this chapter we present a general overview of the field and describe in detail the 'imprinting cycle'. We provide selected examples that recapitulate our current knowledge of epigenetic regulation at imprinted loci. These epigenetic mechanisms lead to the stable repression of imprinted genes on one parental allele by interfering with 'formatting' for gene expression that usually occurs on expressed alleles. From this perspective, genomic imprinting remarkably illustrates the complexity of the epigenetic mechanisms involved in the control of gene expression in mammals.
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Dates et versions

hal-01685907 , version 1 (16-01-2018)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01685907 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 15881897

Citer

Michael Weber, Hélène Hagège, Nathalie Aptel, Claude Brunel, Guy Cathala, et al.. Epigenetic regulation of mammalian imprinted genes: from primary to functional imprints.. Philippe Jeanteur. Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology, 38, Springer-Verlag, pp.207-36, 2005, Epigenetics and Chromatin. ⟨hal-01685907⟩
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