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Article Dans Une Revue Nature Materials Année : 2017

Isotope engineering of van der Waals interactions in hexagonal boron nitride

P. Vuong
  • Fonction : Auteur
S. Liu
  • Fonction : Auteur
ILC
A. van Der Lee
T. Michel
  • Fonction : Auteur
P. Valvin
J. H. Edgar

Résumé

Hexagonal boron nitride is a model lamellar compound where weak, non-local van der Waals interactions ensure the vertical stacking of two-dimensional honeycomb lattices made of strongly bound boron and nitrogen atoms. We study the isotope engineering of lamellar compounds by synthesizing hexagonal boron nitride crystals with nearly pure boron isotopes ( 10 B and 11 B) compared to those with the natural distribution of boron (20 at% 10 B and 80 at% 11 B). On the one hand, as with standard semiconductors, both the phonon energy and electronic bandgap varied with the boron isotope mass, the latter due to the quantum effect of zero-point renormalization. On the other hand, temperature-dependent experiments focusing on the shear and breathing motions of adjacent layers revealed the specificity of isotope engineering in a layered material, with a modification of the van der Waals interactions upon isotope purification. The electron density distribution is more diffuse between adjacent layers in 10 BN than in 11 BN crystals. Our results open perspectives in understanding and controlling van der Waals bonding in layered materials.

Domaines

Chimie

Dates et versions

hal-01675183 , version 1 (04-01-2018)

Identifiants

Citer

P. Vuong, S. Liu, A. van Der Lee, R. Cusco, L. Artus, et al.. Isotope engineering of van der Waals interactions in hexagonal boron nitride. Nature Materials, 2017, 17, pp.152. ⟨10.1038/nmat5048⟩. ⟨hal-01675183⟩
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