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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Colloid and Interface Science Année : 2017

Praseodymium sorption on Laminaria digitata algal beads and foams

Résumé

Algal (Laminaria digitata) beads and algal foams have been prepared by a new synthesis mode and the sorbents were tested for praseodymium sorption in batch and fixed-bed like systems (recirculation or one-pass modes), respectively. Metal binding occurs through ion-exchange with Ca(II) ions used for ionotropic gelation of alginate contained in the algal biomass and eventually with protons. Sorption isotherms at pH 4 are described by the Langmuir and the Sips equations with maximum sorption capacities close to 110–120 mg Pr g−1. Uptake kinetics are fitted by the pseudo-second order reaction rate equation for both beads and foams; in the case of beads the Crank equation also gives good fit of experimental data. Metal is successfully desorbed using 2 M HCl/0.05 M CaCl2 solutions and the sorbent can be efficiently re-used for a minimum of 5 cycles with negligible decrease in sorption/desorption properties and appreciable concentrating effect (around 8–10 times the initial metal concentration). Tested in continuous mode, the algal foam shows typical breakthrough curves that are fitted by the Yan method; desorption is also efficient and allows under the best conditions to achieve a concentration factor close to 8.
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Dates et versions

hal-01671821 , version 1 (22-12-2017)

Identifiants

Citer

Shengye Wang, Mohammed F. Hamza, Thierry Vincent, Catherine Faur, Eric Guibal. Praseodymium sorption on Laminaria digitata algal beads and foams. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2017, 504, pp.780 - 789. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2017.06.028⟩. ⟨hal-01671821⟩
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