Influence of anthropometric characteristics on changes in maximal exercise ventilation and breathing pattern during growth in boys.

Abstract : The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of growth on ventilation and breathing pattern during maximal exercise oxygen consumption (VO2max) and their relationships with anthropometric characteristics. Seventy six untrained schoolboys, aged 10.5-15.5 years, participated in this study. Anthropometric measurements made included body mass, height, armspan, lean body mass, and body surface area. During an incremental exercise test, maximal ventilation (VEmax), tidal volume (VTmax), breathing frequency (fmax), inspiratory and expiratory times (tImax and tEmax), total duration of respiratory cycle (tTOTmax), mean inspiratory flow (VT/tImax), and inspiration fraction (tI/tTOTmax) were measured at VO2max. A power function was calculated between anthropometric characteristics and ventilatory variables to determine the allometric constants. The results showed firstly, that VEmax, VTmax, tImax, tEmax, tTOTmax, and VT/tImax increased with age and anthropometric characteristics (P less than 0.001), fmax decreased (P less than 0.001), and tI/tTOTmax remained constant during growth; secondly that lean body mass explained the greatest percentage of variance of VEmax (62.1%), VTmax (76.8%), and VT/tImax (70.6%), while anthropometric characteristics explained a slight percentage of variance of fmax and timing; and thirdly that VEmax, VTmax, and VT/tImax normalized by lean body mass did not change significantly with age. We concluded that at VO2max there were marked changes in ventilation and breathing pattern with growth. The changes in VEmax, VTmax, and VT/tImax were strongly related to the changes in lean body mass.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, Springer-Verlag, 1991, pp.235-41
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-01625312
Contributeur : Alain Varray <>
Soumis le : vendredi 27 octobre 2017 - 14:18:27
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:27:50

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  • HAL Id : hal-01625312, version 1
  • PUBMED : 1761014

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Alain Varray, M. Mercier, M. Ramonatxo, B. Mercier, C. Préfaut. Influence of anthropometric characteristics on changes in maximal exercise ventilation and breathing pattern during growth in boys.. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, Springer-Verlag, 1991, pp.235-41. 〈hal-01625312〉

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