Association of CD206 Protein Expression with Immune Infiltration and Prognosis in Patients with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer - Institut de Recherche en Cancérologie de Montpellier Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2022

Association of CD206 Protein Expression with Immune Infiltration and Prognosis in Patients with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Abstract

Background: Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) have a worse prognosis, but might respond to immunotherapies. Macrophages are plastic cells that can adopt various phenotypes and functions. Although they are a major immune population in TNBCs, the relationship between tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and TNBC progression has been rarely explored, with controversial results. Methods: We evaluated the prognostic impact of TAMs, quantified by immunohistochemistry with anti-CD68, -IRF8, -CD163, and -CD206 antibodies, in a well-described cohort of 285 patients with non-metastatic TNBC. Results: CD68 (p = 0.008), IRF8 (p = 0.001), and CD163 (p < 0.001) expression positively correlated with higher tumor grade, while CD206 was associated with smaller tumor size (p < 0.001). All macrophage markers were associated with higher tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte numbers and PD-L1 expression. Univariate survival analyses reported a significant positive correlation between CD163+ or CD206+ TAMs and relapse-free survival (respectively: HR = 0.52 [0.28–0.97], p = 0.027, and HR = 0.51 [0.31–0.82], p = 0.005), and between CD206+ TAMs and overall survival (HR = 0.54 [0.35–0.83], p = 0.005). In multivariate analysis, there was a trend for an association between CD206+ TAMs and relapse-free survival (HR = 0.63 [0.33–1.04], p = 0.073). Conclusions: These data suggest that CD206 expression defines a TAM subpopulation potentially associated with favorable outcomes in patients with TNBC. CD206 expression might identify an immune TNBC subgroup with specific therapeutic options.
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hal-04106210 , version 1 (25-05-2023)

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Angélique Bobrie, Océane Massol, Jeanne Ramos, Caroline Mollevi, Evelyne Lopez-Crapez, et al.. Association of CD206 Protein Expression with Immune Infiltration and Prognosis in Patients with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer. Cancers, 2022, 14 (19), pp.4829. ⟨10.3390/cancers14194829⟩. ⟨hal-04106210⟩
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