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A novel semi-selective medium for Pseudomonas protegens isolation from soil samples

Abstract : Pseudomonas protegens is a rhizosphere pseudomonad with a high agronomical potential (entomopathogenic and beneficial to plants) and bio-catalytic activities, but no selective medium has been described for its isolation. We developed a semi-selective minimum agar medium for the specific isolation and growth of P. protegens. We searched for both (i) a carbon source allowing the growth of P. protegens but potentially inhibiting the growth of other pseudomonads and (ii) an antimicrobial agent suppressing other members of the bacterial rhizosphere community. The M9-PP-agar medium consists of M9 base agar with adipic acid as the only carbon source and Irgasan (R) as an anti-bacterial agent. We tested the selectivity and sensitivity of M9-PP-agar by measuring the growth of 68 bacterial strains from 36 different species on this medium. Ten of the species tested were able to grow on M9-PP-agar medium: four species from the Pseudomonadaceae (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas protegens, Pseudomonas putida, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia) as well as Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Brevundimonas sp., Serratia liquefaciens, Serratia marcescens and Variovorax paradoxus. All colonies were white, except for those of P. protegens (12 strains), which were typically brown. We demonstrated the efficiency of the M9-PP agar medium for P. protegens isolation, by inoculating two soils with the reference strain P. protegens CHAO(T) and then reisolating them. We also developed a fitF-PCR WA targeting a regulator gene of the insecticidal P. protegens fit locus, for the rapid molecular detection of P. protegens colonies. We, therefore, developed a highly specific process for the routine isolation of new P. protegens strains from the soil environment, based on the use of a semi-selective medium and the specific color of colonies.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 2:27:23 PM
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Sylvie Pages, Jean-Claude Ogier, Sophie Gaudriault. A novel semi-selective medium for Pseudomonas protegens isolation from soil samples. Journal of Microbiological Methods, Elsevier, 2020, 172, ⟨10.1016/j.mimet.2020.105911⟩. ⟨hal-02640344⟩



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