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Article Dans Une Revue EPJ Web of Conferences Année : 2021

Design of an acoustic sensor for fission gas release characterization devoted to JHR environment measurements

Résumé

Among numerous research projects devoted to the improvement of the nuclear fuel behaviour knowledge, the development of advanced instrumentation for in-pile experiments in Material Testing Reactor is of great interest. In the frame of JHR reactor, new requirements have arisen creating new constraints. An acoustic method was tested with success during a first experiment called REMORA 3 in 2010 and 2011, and the results were used to differentiate helium and fission gas release kinetics under transient operating conditions. This experiment was leading at OSIRIS reactor (CEA Saclay, France). The maximal temperature during the irradiation test was about 150 °C. [1], [2]. We have developed thick film transducers produced by screen-printing process. They offered a wide range of possible application for the development of acoustic sensors and piezoelectric structure for harsh temperature environment measurements [3]. We proposed a screen-printed modified Bismuth Titanate piezoelectric element on alumina substrate allowing acoustic measurements [4] for JHR environment. In this paper we will focus on the mechanical design of the new sensor. This acoustic sensor is composed of an acoustic element for generation and detection of acoustic waves propagating into a cavity filled with gaz. We will detail the choice of piezoelectric materials, the thickness of the different layers, the cavity shapes, the electrical connections, the means of assembly of the different parts. Theoretical and experimental results will be given. All that point will be discussed in terms of acoustic sensor sensitivity versus dimensional constraints, in the case of a high temperature range working.

Dates et versions

hal-04529539 , version 1 (02-04-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

F. Baudry, E. Rosenkrantz, P. Combette, D. Fourmentel, C. Destouches, et al.. Design of an acoustic sensor for fission gas release characterization devoted to JHR environment measurements. EPJ Web of Conferences, 2021, 253, pp.04028. ⟨10.1051/epjconf/202125304028⟩. ⟨hal-04529539⟩
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