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Article Dans Une Revue Studies in Family Planning Année : 2021

Anaemic women are more at risk of injectable contraceptive discontinuation due to side-effects in Ethiopia

Résumé

Background: This paper investigates the importance of women’s physiological condition, alongside sociocultural factors, for predicting the risk of discontinuation of the injectable contraceptive due to side-effects in Ethiopia. Methods: Contraceptive calendar data from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey were analysed. Women aged 15-49 who had initiated the injectable contraceptive in the last two years were included in the analysis (n=1,513). Physiological factors investigated were body mass, iron status, reproductive depletion, and physical strain. After checking for reverse causality, associations between physiological risk factors and discontinuation of the injectable contraceptive due to either side-effects (DSE) or other reasons (DOR) were estimated using multivariate Cox proportional regression analyses. Results: Anaemia status was associated with DSE, but not DOR. Anaemic women were two times more at risk of discontinuation due to side-effects (DSE) compared with non-anaemic women (aHR=2.38, CI=1.41-4.00). DOR was predicted by religion, wealth, and relationship status. Conclusions: Accounting for diversity in physiological condition is key for understanding contraceptive discontinuation due to side-effects. To reduce side-effects, family planning programs might benefit from providing hormonal contraception within an integrated package addressing anaemia.
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Dates et versions

hal-03356961 , version 1 (01-01-2021)
hal-03356961 , version 2 (28-09-2021)

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Citer

Rose Stevens, Blandine Malbos, Eshetu Gurmu, Jérémie Riou, Alexandra Alvergne. Anaemic women are more at risk of injectable contraceptive discontinuation due to side-effects in Ethiopia. Studies in Family Planning, 2021, ⟨10.1101/2020.10.28.20221523⟩. ⟨hal-03356961v2⟩
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