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Bed Bugs (Hemiptera, Cimicidae): Overview of Classification, Evolution and Dispersion

Abstract : The bed bugs (Cimex lectularius and C. hemipterus) have undergone a significant resurgence worldwide since the 1990s. A compilation of findings from a database, including 2650 scientific publications from seven major medical databases, allowed us to document main evolutionary events, from fossil evidence, dating from 11,000 years ago, until the present that has led to the current worldwide expansion of Cimicid species. We present the hypotheses on the possible dispersion pathways of bed bugs in light of the major historical and evolutionary events. A detailed classification of the Cimicidae family and finally, an illustrative map displaying the current distribution of known Cimex species in each geographical ecozone of Asia, Europe, Africa, the Americas, and Australia are presented.
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Contributeur : Hal Mivegec <>
Soumis le : jeudi 30 juillet 2020 - 11:47:23
Dernière modification le : mardi 20 octobre 2020 - 03:37:41
Archivage à long terme le : : mardi 1 décembre 2020 - 18:46:49


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Mohammad Akhoundi, Denis Sereno, Rémy Durand, Asad Mirzaei, Christiane Bruel, et al.. Bed Bugs (Hemiptera, Cimicidae): Overview of Classification, Evolution and Dispersion. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, MDPI, 2020, 17 (12), pp.4576. ⟨10.3390/ijerph17124576⟩. ⟨hal-02909313⟩



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