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Ocular injuries caused by less-lethal weapons in France

Aurore Chauvin 1 Jean-Louis Bourges 2, 3 Jean-François Korobelnik 4 Michel Pâques 5, 6 Pierre Lebranchu 7 Frederic Villeroy 8 Christophe Chiquet 9, 10 Carl Arndt 11 Pierre Fournier 12 Max Villain 13 Frédéric Mouriaux 14, 15 Gilles Thuret 16 Isabelle Cochereau 17 Carole Burillon 18, 19 Laurent Kodjikian 20 José-Alain Sahel 21, 22, 23 Alain Gaudric 24 Bahram Bodaghi 1
Abstract : Since the introduction of so-called less-lethal weapons in France in the late 1990s, there has been no legal requirement to collect data on injuries induced by kinetic impact projectiles, and no epidemiological surveys have been planned. To estimate the number of patients with ocular injuries caused by the use of these defensive tools, a retrospective survey was sent to all ophthalmology department chairs in French university hospitals, which are where the most severe cases are managed. Demographic data, date of trauma, initial ophthalmological examination and any specialised investigations, initial and immediate surgical management of the injury, follow-up, and visual prognosis were documented and transmitted anonymously. We compiled data from patients seen between February, 2016, and August, 2019 (figure). 43 cases were identified, of which 20 (47%) were managed in Paris. The cases included 38 men and five women, with a median age of 26 years (range 15–59).
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Contributeur : Nathalie Salvy-Cordoba <>
Soumis le : vendredi 17 avril 2020 - 10:32:35
Dernière modification le : mardi 1 septembre 2020 - 03:21:37

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Aurore Chauvin, Jean-Louis Bourges, Jean-François Korobelnik, Michel Pâques, Pierre Lebranchu, et al.. Ocular injuries caused by less-lethal weapons in France. The Lancet, Elsevier, 2019, 394 (10209), pp.1616-1617. ⟨10.1016/S0140-6736(19)31807-0⟩. ⟨hal-02545485⟩



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