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International Journal of Radiation Biology Is static magnetic field exposure a new model of metabolic alteration? Comparison with Zucker rats

Abstract : Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate if the metabolic alterations observed after static magnetic field (SMF) exposure participates in the development of a pre-diabetic state. A comparison study using the insulin resistant animal model, the Zucker rat and the SMF-exposed Wistar rat was carried out. Materials and methods: Zucker rats were compared to Wistar rats either exposed to a 128 mT or 0 mT SMF (sham exposed) and analysed. This moderate-intensity SMF exposure of Wistar rats was performed for 1 h/day during 15 consecutive days. Results: Wistar rats exposed to the SMF showed increased levels of carbohydrate and lipid metabolites (i.e., lactate, glycerol, cholesterol and phospholipids) compared to sham-exposed rats. Zucker rats displayed a normoglycemia associated with a high insulin level as opposed to Wistar rats which presented hyperglycemia and hypoinsulinemia after exposure to the SMF. During the glucose tolerance test, unexposed Zucker rats and Wistar rats exposed to the SMF exhibited a significantly higher hyperglycemia compared to sham-exposed Wistar rats suggesting an impairment of glucose clearance. In muscle, glycogen content was lower and phospholipids content was elevated for both unexposed Zucker rats and Wistar rats exposed to the SMF compared to Wistar rats sham control. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that the metabolic alterations following exposure to a static magnetic field of moderate intensity could trigger the development of a pre-diabetic state.
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Soumis le : samedi 11 avril 2020 - 15:25:52
Dernière modification le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 12:22:09

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Miryam Elferchichi, Jacques Mercier, Annick Bourret, René Gross, Anne-Dominique Lajoix, et al.. International Journal of Radiation Biology Is static magnetic field exposure a new model of metabolic alteration? Comparison with Zucker rats. International Journal of Radiation Biology, Informa Healthcare, 2011, 87 (5), pp.483-490. ⟨10.3109/09553002.2011.544371⟩. ⟨hal-02540640⟩

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