Z. Altamimi, P. Rebischung, L. Métivier, and X. Collilieux, ITRF2014: A new release of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame modeling nonlinear station motions, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.121, pp.6109-6131, 2016.

S. Baize, E. M. Cushing, F. Lemeille, J. , and H. , Updated seismotectonic zoning scheme of Metropolitan France, with reference to geologic and seismotectonic data, B. Soc. Geol. Fr, vol.184, pp.225-259, 2013.

P. Banerjee, R. Bürgmann, B. Nagarajan, A. , and E. , Intraplate deformation of the Indian subcontinent, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.35, p.18301, 2008.

M. Battaglia, M. H. Murray, E. Serpelloni, and R. Bürgmann, The Adriatic region: An independent microplate within the Africa-Eurasia collision zone, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.31, p.9605, 2004.

J. Beavan, L. M. Wallace, N. Palmer, P. Denys, S. Ellis et al., New Zeal. J. Geol. Geop, vol.59, pp.5-14, 2016.

J. Boehm, B. Werl, and H. Schuh, Troposphere mapping functions for GPS and very long baseline interferometry from European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts operational analysis data: TROPOSPHERE MAPPING FUNCTIONS FROM ECMWF, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.111, p.2406, 2006.

L. Breiman, J. Friedman, C. J. Stone, and R. A. Olshen, Classification and regression trees, pp.251-257, 1984.

E. Brockmann, D. Ineichen, U. Marti, S. Schaer, A. Schlatter et al., Determination of Tectonic Movements in the Swiss Alps Using GNSS and Levelling, Geodesy for Planet Earth, vol.136, pp.689-695, 2012.

E. Calais and S. Stein, Time-Variable Deformation in the New Madrid Seismic Zone, Science, vol.323, pp.1442-1442, 2009.

M. Calvet, M. Sylvander, L. Margerin, and A. Villaseñor, Spatial variations of seismic attenuation and heterogeneity in the Pyrenees: Coda Q and peak delay time analysis, Tectonophysics, vol.608, pp.428-439, 2013.

M. Cara, Y. Cansi, A. Schlupp, P. Arroucau, N. Béthoux et al., SI-Hex: a new catalogue of instrumental seismicity for metropolitan France, B. Soc. Geol. Fr, vol.186, pp.3-19, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01153693

M. M. Carafa and P. Bird, Improving deformation models by discounting transient signals in geodetic data: 2. Geodetic data, stress directions, and long-term strain rates in Italy: Discounting Transient Signals: 2. Italy, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.121, pp.5557-5575, 2016.

N. Cardozo and R. W. Allmendinger, SSPX: A program to compute strain from displacement/velocity data, Comput. Geosci, vol.35, pp.1343-1357, 2009.

S. Chevrot, M. Sylvander, and B. Delouis, A preliminary catalog of moment tensors for the Pyrenees, Tectonophysics, vol.510, pp.239-251, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00634537

K. Chousianitis, A. Ganas, and C. P. Evangelidis, Strain and rotation rate patterns of mainland Greece from continuous GPS data and comparison between seismic and geodetic moment release: Kinematics Of Mainland Greece, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.120, pp.3909-3931, 2015.

N. Deichmann, J. Clinton, S. Husen, B. Edwards, F. Haslinger et al., Earthquakes in Switzerland and surrounding regions during, Swiss J. Geosci, vol.105, pp.463-476, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00406674

B. Delacou, C. Sue, J. Champagnac, and M. Burkhard, Present-day geodynamics in the bend of the western and central Alps as constrained by earthquake analysis, Geophys, J. Int, vol.158, pp.753-774, 2004.

J. M. Dow, R. E. Neilan, R. , and C. , The International GNSS Service in a changing landscape of Global Navigation Satellite Systems, J. Geodesy, vol.83, pp.191-198, 2009.

G. Farolfi and C. Del-ventisette, Contemporary crustal velocity field in Alpine Mediterranean area of Italy from new geodetic data, GPS Solutions, vol.20, pp.715-722, 2016.

J. Gazeaux, S. Williams, M. King, M. Bos, R. Dach et al., Detecting offsets in GPS time series: First results from the detection of offsets in GPS experiment: Detecting Offsets In Gps Time Serie, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.118, pp.2397-2407, 2013.

J. Griffiths, Combined orbits and clocks from IGS second reprocessing, J. Geodesy, vol.93, pp.177-195, 2019.

E. Gunawan and S. Widiyantoro, Active tectonic deformation in Java, Indonesia inferred from a GPS-derived strain rate, J. Geodynam, vol.123, pp.49-54, 2019.

J. A. Hartigan and M. A. Wong, Algorithm AS 136: A K-Means Clustering Algorithm, J. R. Stat. Soc. C-Appl, vol.28, pp.100-108, 1979.

P. Héroux and J. Kouba, GPS Precise Point Positioning using IGS orbit pro-ducts, Phys. Chem. Earth, vol.26, pp.573-578, 2001.

T. A. Herring, R. W. King, and S. M. Mccluskey, Introduction to GAMIT/GLOBK, Release 10, mass. Instit. Tech, vol.35, pp.1-45, 2009.

N. Houlié, J. Woessner, D. Giardini, and M. Rothacher, Lithosphere strain rate and stress field orientations near the Alpine arc in Switzerland, Sci. Rep, vol.8, pp.1-14, 2018.

H. Jomard, E. M. Cushing, L. Palumbo, S. Baize, C. David et al., Transposing an active fault database into a seismic hazard fault model for nuclear facilities -Part 1: Building a database of potentially active faults (BDFA) for metropolitan France, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci, vol.17, pp.1573-1584, 2017.

J. Kouba, A guide to using International GNSS Service (IGS) products, International GNSS Service, 2009.

C. Kreemer, W. C. Hammond, and G. Blewitt, A robust estimation of the 3-D intraplate deformation of the North American plate from GPS, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.123, pp.4388-4412, 2018.

C. Larroque, O. Scotti, and M. Ioualalen, Reappraisal of the 1887 Ligurian earthquake (western Mediterranean) from macroseismicity, active tectonics and tsunami modelling: Reappraisal of the 1887 Ligurian earthquake, Geophys. J. Int, vol.190, pp.87-104, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00715980

C. Larroque, B. Delouis, F. Sage, M. Régnier, N. Béthoux et al., The sequence of moderate-size earthquakes at the junction of the Ligurian basin and the Corsica margin (western Mediterranean): The initiation of an active deformation zone revealed?, Tectonophysics, vol.676, pp.135-147, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01346889

S. Liu, Z. Shen, and R. Bürgmann, Recovery of secular deformation field of Mojave Shear Zone in Southern California from historical terrestrial and GPS measurements: Recovering Mojave Secular Deformation, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.120, pp.3965-3990, 2015.

F. Lyard, F. Lefevre, T. Letellier, F. , and O. , Modelling the global ocean tides: modern insights from FES2004, Ocean Dynam, vol.56, pp.394-415, 2006.

P. C. Mahalanobis, On the Generalized Distance in Statistics, J. Genet, vol.41, pp.159-193, 1936.

C. Masson, S. Mazzotti, and P. Vernant, Precision of continuous GPS velocities from statistical analysis of synthetic time series, Solid Earth, vol.10, pp.329-342, 2019.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02072937

C. Masson, S. Mazzotti, P. Vernant, and E. Doerflinger, Data providers and velocity field, OSU OREME, 2019.

H. R. Maurer, M. Burkhard, N. Deichmann, and A. G. Green, Active tectonism in the central Alps: contrasting stress regimes north and south of the Rhone Valley, pp.91-94, 1997.

Y. Mazabraud, N. Béthoux, J. Guilbert, and O. Bellier, Evidence for short-scale stress field variations within intraplate centralwestern France: Intraplate short-scale stress field variations, Geophys. J. Int, vol.160, pp.161-178, 2004.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00407454

S. Mazzotti, L. J. Leonard, J. F. Cassidy, G. C. Rogers, and S. Halchuk, Seismic hazard in western Canada from GPS strain rates versus earthquake catalog, J. Geophys. Res, vol.116, p.12310, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00689004

M. Neres, M. M. Carafa, R. M. Fernandes, L. Matias, J. C. Duarte et al., Lithospheric deformation in the Africa-Iberia plate boundary: Improved neotectonic modeling testing a basal-driven Alboran plate: Neotectonic Modeling In Africa-Iberia, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.121, pp.6566-6596, 2016.

M. Neres, M. C. Neves, S. Custódio, M. Palano, R. Fernandes et al., Gravitational Potential Energy in Iberia: A Driver of Active Deformation in High-Topography Regions, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.123, pp.10277-10296, 2018.

H. N. Nguyen, P. Vernant, S. Mazzotti, G. Khazaradze, A. et al., 3-D GPS velocity field and its implications on the present-day post-orogenic deformation of the Western Alps and Pyrenees, Solid Earth, vol.7, pp.1349-1363, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01395116

J. Nocquet, C. Sue, A. Walpersdorf, T. Tran, N. Lenôtre et al., Present-day uplift of the western Alps, Sci. Rep, vol.6, pp.220-242, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01357450

S. Özdemir and M. O. Karsl?oglu, Soft clustering of GPS velocities from a homogeneous permanent network in Turkey, J. Geodesy, vol.93, pp.1171-1195, 2019.

M. Palano, M. Rossi, and F. Cannavo, Etna@ref: a geodetic reference frame for Mt. Etna GPS networks, Ann. Geophys, vol.53, pp.49-57, 2010.

M. Palano, P. González, and J. Fernández, The Diffuse Plate boundary of Nubia and Iberia in the Western Mediterranean: Crustal deformation evidence for viscous coupling and fragmented lithosphere, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett, vol.430, pp.439-447, 2015.

T. Plenefisch and K. P. Bonjer, The stress field in the Rhine Graben area inferred from earthquake focal mechanisms and estimation of frictional parameters, Tectonophysics, vol.275, pp.71-97, 1997.

R. Reilinger, S. Mcclusky, P. Vernant, S. Lawrence, S. Ergintav et al., GPS constraints on continental deformation in the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia continental collision zone and implications for the dynamics of plate interactions: EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN ACTIVE TECTONICS, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.111, 2006.

A. Rigo, P. Vernant, K. L. Feigl, X. Goula, G. Khazaradze et al., Present-day deformation of the Pyrenees revealed by GPS surveying and earthquake focal mechanisms until 2011, Geophys, J. Int, vol.201, pp.947-964, 2015.

L. Sánchez, C. Völksen, A. Sokolov, H. Arenz, and F. Seitz, Present-day surface deformation of the Alpine Region inferred from geodetic techniques, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, vol.10, pp.1503-1526, 2018.

A. Santamaría-gómez, M. Bouin, X. Collilieux, and G. Wöppelmann, Correlated errors in GPS position time series: Implications for velocity estimates, J. Geophys. Res, vol.116, p.1405, 2011.

J. C. Savage and R. W. Simpson, Clustering of GPS velocities in the Mojave Block, southeastern California, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.118, pp.1747-1759, 2013.

J. C. Savage, Euler-Vector Clustering of GPS Velocities Defines Microplate Geometry in Southwest Japan, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.123, 1954.

P. Sternai, C. Sue, L. Husson, E. Serpelloni, T. W. Becker et al., Present-day uplift of the European Alps: Evaluating mechanisms and models of their relative contributions, Earth-Sci. Rev, vol.190, pp.589-604, 2019.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02095773

C. Sue, F. Thouvenot, J. Fréchet, and P. Tricart, Widespread extension in the core of the western Alps revealed by earthquake analysis, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.104, pp.25611-25622, 1999.

C. Sue, B. Delacou, J. D. Champagnac, C. Allanic, and M. Burkhard, Aseismic deformation in the Alps: GPS vs. seismic strain quantification, vol.19, pp.182-188, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00140498

A. Tarayoun, S. Mazzotti, M. Craymer, and J. Henton, Structural Inheritance Control on Intraplate Present-Day Deformation: GPS Strain Rate Variations in the Saint Lawrence Valley, Eastern Canada, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.123, pp.7004-7020, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01934463

M. Tesauro, C. Hollenstein, R. Egli, A. Geiger, and H. Kahle, Analysis of central western Europe deformation using GPS and seismic data, J. Geodynam, vol.42, pp.194-209, 2006.

J. W. Tukey, Exploratory Data Analysis, 1977.

A. Walpersdorf, L. Pinget, P. Vernant, C. Sue, and A. Deprez, Does Long-Term GPS in the Western Alps Finally Confirm Earthquake Mechanisms?, Tectonics, vol.37, pp.3721-3737, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01947724

S. Wdowinski, Y. Bock, J. Zhang, P. Fang, and J. Genrich, Southern California permanent GPS geodetic array: Spatial filtering of daily positions for estimating coseismic and postseismic displacements induced by the 1992 Landers earthquake, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea, vol.102, pp.18057-18070, 1997.

P. Wessel, W. H. Smith, R. Scharroo, J. Luis, and F. Wobbe, Generic Mapping Tools: Improved Version Released, Eos T. Am. Geophys. Union, vol.94, pp.409-410, 2013.

S. D. Williams, The effect of coloured noise on the uncertainties of rates estimated from geodetic time series, J. Geodesy, vol.76, pp.483-494, 2003.

S. Zhu and Y. Shi, Estimation of GPS strain rate and its error analysis in the Chinese continent, J. Asian Earth Sci, vol.40, pp.351-362, 2011.