Estimating the global conservation status of more than 15,000 Amazonian tree species

Hans ter Steege 1 Nigel Pitman 2 Timothy Killeen William Laurance Carlos Peres Juan Ernesto Guevara 3 Rafael Salomão 4 Carolina Castilho 5 Iêda Leão Amaral Francisca Dionízia de Almeida Matos Luiz de Souza Coelho William Magnusson 6 Oliver Phillips 7 Diogenes de Andrade Lima Filho Marcelo de Jesus Veiga Carim Mariana Victória Irume Maria Pires Martins Jean-François Molino 8 Daniel Sabatier 8 Florian Wittmann Dairon Cárdenas López José Renan da Silva Guimarães Abel Monteagudo Mendoza Percy Núñez Vargas 9 Angelo Gilberto Manzatto Neidiane Farias Costa Reis John Terborgh 10 Katia Regina Casula Juan Carlos Montero Ted Feldpausch Euridice Honorio Coronado Alvaro Javier Duque Montoya Charles Eugene Zartman Bonifacio Mostacedo Rodolfo Vasquez 11 Rafael Assis Marcelo Brilhante Medeiros Marcelo Fragomeni Simon Ana Andrade 12 José Luís Camargo Susan Laurance 13 Henrique Eduardo Mendonça Nascimento Beatriz Marimon Ben-Hur Marimon Flávia Costa Natalia Targhetta 6 Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira 4 Roel Brienen 14 Hernán Castellanos Joost Duivenvoorden Hugo Mogollón Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade Gerardo Aymard C. James Comiskey Gabriel Damasco 15 Nallarett Davila 16 Roosevelt Garcia-Villacorta 17 Pablo Roberto Stevenson Diaz Alberto Vincentini 6 Thaise Emilio Carolina Levis 18 Juliana Schietti 18 Priscila Souza 18 Alfonso Alonso 19 Francisco Dallmeier 20 Leandro Valle Ferreira David Neill 21 Alejandro Araujo-Murakami 22 Luzmila Arroyo 22 Fernanda Antunes Carvalho Fernanda Coelho Souza Dário Dantas Do Amaral Rogério Gribel 23 Bruno Garcia Luize Marcelo Petrati Pansonato Eduardo Venticinque Paul Fine 24 Marisol Toledo 25 Chris Baraloto Carlos Cerón 26 Julien Engel 8 Terry Henkel 27 Eliana Jimenez 28 Paul Maas 29 Maria Cristina Peñuela Mora Pascal Petronelli 30 Juan David Cardenas Revilla Marcos Silveira 31 Juliana Stropp 32 Raquel Thomas-Caesar 33 Tim Baker Doug Daly Marcos Ríos Paredes Naara Ferreira da Silva Alfredo Fuentes Peter Møller Jørgensen Jochen Schöngart Miles Silman Nicolás Castaño Arboleda Bruno Barçante Ladvocat Cintra Fernando Cornejo Valverde 34 Anthony Di Fiore 35 Juan Fernando Phillips Tinde van Andel Patricio von Hildebrand Edelcilio Marques Barbosa Luiz Carlos de Matos Bonates Deborah de Castro Emanuelle de Sousa Farias Therany Gonzales Jean-Louis Guillaumet 36 Bruce Hoffman Yadvinder Malhi 37 Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda Adriana Prieto 38 Agustin Rudas 39 Ademir Ruschell Natalino Silva César Vela Vincent Vos Eglée Zent Stanford Zent Angela Cano Marcelo Trindade Nascimento Alexandre Oliveira Hirma Ramirez-Angulo 40 José Ferreira Ramos Rodrigo Sierra 41 Milton Tirado Maria Natalia Umaña Medina Geertje van der Heijden 42 Emilio Vilanova Torre 43 Corine Vriesendorp Ophelia Wang 44 Kenneth Young Claudia Baider Henrik Balslev Natalia de Castro William Farfan-Rios Cid Ferreira 6 Casimiro Mendoza 45 Italo Mesones 15 Armando Torres-Lezama 40 Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo Daniel Villarroel Roderick Zagt Miguel Alexiades 46 Karina Garcia-Cabrera Lionel Hernandez Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco 9 William Milliken 47 Walter Palacios Cuenca Susamar Pansini Daniela Pauletto Freddy Ramirez Arevalo Adeilza Felipe Sampaio Elvis Valderrama Sandoval Luis Valenzuela Gamarra 48
Abstract : Estimates of extinction risk for Amazonian plant and animal species are rare and not often incorporated into land-use policy and conservation planning. We overlay spatial distribution models with historical and projected deforestation to show that at least 36% and up to 57% of all Amazonian tree species are likely to qualify as globally threatened under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List criteria. If confirmed, these results would increase the number of threatened plant species on Earth by 22%. We show that the trends observed in Amazonia apply to trees throughout the tropics, and we predict that most of the world’s >40,000 tropical tree species now qualify as globally threatened. A gap analysis suggests that existing Amazonian protected areas and indigenous territories will protect viable populations of most threatened species if these areas suffer no further degradation, highlighting the key roles that protected areas, indigenous peoples, and improved governance can play in preventing large-scale extinctions in the tropics in this century.
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Soumis le : jeudi 12 septembre 2019 - 15:00:19
Dernière modification le : mercredi 18 septembre 2019 - 09:42:09

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Hans ter Steege, Nigel Pitman, Timothy Killeen, William Laurance, Carlos Peres, et al.. Estimating the global conservation status of more than 15,000 Amazonian tree species. Science Advances , American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2015, 1 (10), pp.e1500936. ⟨10.1126/sciadv.1500936⟩. ⟨hal-02285097⟩

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