D. Sheil, Disturbance and distributions: avoiding exclusion in a warming world, Ecology and Society, vol.21, issue.1, 2016.

J. A. Catford, The intermediate disturbance hypothesis and plant invasions: Implications for species richness and management. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, vol.14, issue.3, pp.231-241, 2012.

J. W. Fox, The intermediate disturbance hypothesis should be abandoned, Trends Ecol. Evol, vol.28, issue.2, pp.86-92, 2013.

D. Sheil and D. Burslem, Defining and defending Connell's intermediate disturbance hypothesis: a response to Fox, Trends Ecol. Evol, vol.28, issue.10, pp.571-572, 2013.

J. H. Connell, Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs, Science, vol.199, issue.4335, pp.1302-1310, 1978.

J. H. Connell, Intermediate-disturbance hypothesis, Science, vol.204, issue.4399, pp.1345-1345, 1979.

, Scientific RePoRTS |, vol.8, 2018.

J. Molino and D. Sabatier, Tree Diversity in Tropical Rain Forests: A Validation of the Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis, Science, vol.294, issue.5547, pp.1702-1704, 2001.

J. R. Svensson, Disturbance-diversity models: what do they really predict and how are they tested?, Proc. R. Soc. B, vol.279, pp.2163-2170, 2012.

D. Sheil and D. F. Burslem, Disturbing hypotheses in tropical forests, Trends Ecol. Evol, vol.18, issue.1, pp.8-26, 2003.

F. Bongers, The intermediate disturbance hypothesis applies to tropical forests, but disturbance contributes little to tree diversity, Ecol. Lett, vol.12, issue.8, pp.798-805, 2009.

H. Tuomisto, K. Ruokolainen, and M. Yli-halla, Dispersal, Environment, and Floristic Variation of Western Amazonian Forests, Science, vol.299, issue.5604, pp.241-244, 2003.

S. P. Hubbell, The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography in Monographs in Population Biology, vol.448, 2001.

J. Stropp, H. Ter-steege, and Y. Malhi, Disentangling regional and local tree diversity in the Amazon, Ecography, vol.32, issue.1, pp.46-54, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00419767

J. Svenning, J. Kerr, and C. Rahbek, Predicting future shifts in species diversity, Ecography, vol.32, issue.1, p.3, 2009.

V. D. Alan, Tropical forest carbon balance: effects of field-and satellite-based mortality regimes on the dynamics and the spatial structure of Central Amazon forest biomass, Environ.Res. Lett, vol.9, issue.3, p.34010, 2014.

J. Q. Chambers, The steady-state mosaic of disturbance and succession across an old-growth Central Amazon forest landscape, Proc.Natl. Acad. Sci, vol.110, issue.10, pp.3949-3954, 2013.

F. O. Figueiredo, Validating forest types based on geological and land-form features in central Amazonia, J. Veg. Sci, vol.25, issue.1, pp.198-212, 2014.

S. Guitet, Geomorphological landscape features explain floristic patterns in French Guiana rainforest, Biodivers. Conserv, vol.24, issue.5, pp.1215-1237, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01204224

C. Richard-hansen, Landscape patterns influence communities of medium-to large-bodied vertebrates in undisturbed terra firme forests of French Guiana, J. Trop. Ecol, vol.31, issue.05, pp.423-436, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01502647

C. C. Berg, R. Akkermans, and E. Van-heusden, Cecropiaceae: Coussapoa and Pourouma, with an introduction to the family, Flora Neotropica, vol.51, pp.1-208, 1990.

P. Zalamea, The genus Cecropia: a biological clock to estimate the age of recently disturbed areas in the Neotropics, PloS one, vol.7, issue.8, p.42643, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00757518

C. M. David and P. A. Gregory, Branchfall dominates annual carbon flux across lowland Amazonian forests, Env. Res. Lett, vol.11, issue.9, p.94027, 2016.

H. Ter-steege, Continental-scale patterns of canopy tree composition and function across Amazonia, Nature, vol.443, issue.7110, pp.444-447, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00106584

J. P. Grime, The CSR model of primary plant strategies-origins, implications and tests in Plant evolutionary biology, pp.371-393, 1988.

W. F. Laurance, Inferred longevity of Amazonian rainforest trees based on a long-term demographic study, Forest.Ecol. Manag, vol.190, issue.2-3, pp.131-143, 2004.

N. Norden, Contrasting community compensatory trends in alternative successional pathways in central Amazonia, Oikos, vol.120, issue.1, pp.143-151, 2011.

R. L. Chazdon, Rates of change in tree communities of secondary Neotropical forests following major disturbances, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, vol.362, pp.273-289, 1478.

W. D. Hawthorne, Holes and the sums of parts in Ghanaian forest: regeneration, scale and sustainable use, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Section B. Biological Sciences, vol.104, pp.75-176, 1996.

K. Shea, S. H. Roxburgh, and E. S. Rauschert, Moving from pattern to process: coexistence mechanisms under intermediate disturbance regimes, Ecol. Lett, vol.7, issue.6, pp.491-508, 2004.

R. T. Corlett and R. B. Primack, Tropical rainforests and the need for cross-continental comparisons, Trends Ecol. Evol, vol.21, issue.2, pp.104-110, 2006.

I. Parmentier, The odd man out? Might climate explain the lower tree ?-diversity of African rain forests relative to Amazonian rain forests?, J. Ecol, vol.95, issue.5, pp.1058-1071, 2007.

D. Anhuf, Paleo-environmental change in Amazonian and African rainforest during the LGM, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol.239, issue.3, pp.510-527, 2006.

D. Schwartz, Etude des profils isotopiques 13C et 14C d'un sol ferrallitique sableux du littoral congolais. Implications sur la dynamique de la matière organique et l'histoire de la végétation, vol.315, pp.1411-1417, 1992.

U. Salzmann and P. Hoelzmann, The Dahomey Gap: an abrupt climatically induced rain forest fragmentation in West Africa during the late Holocene. The Holocene, vol.15, pp.190-199, 2005.

V. Freycon, The impact of climate changes during the Holocene on vegetation in northern French Guiana, Quaternary Research, vol.73, issue.2, pp.220-225, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00551758

E. Laliberté, How does pedogenesis drive plant diversity?, Trends Ecol. Evol, vol.28, issue.6, pp.331-340, 2013.

O. L. Phillips, Habitat association among Amazonian tree species: a landscape-scale approach, J. Ecol, vol.91, issue.5, pp.757-775, 2003.

C. Quesada, Soils of Amazonia with particular reference to the RAINFOR sites, Biogeosciences, vol.8, pp.1415-1440, 2011.

S. Guitet, Geomorphic control of rain-forest floristic composition in French Guiana: more than a soil filtering effect?, J. Trop. Ecol, vol.32, issue.01, pp.22-40, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02098024

O. A. Chadwick, Changing sources of nutrients during four million years of ecosystem development, Nature, vol.397, issue.6719, pp.491-497, 1999.

D. S. Hammond, Guianan forest dynamics: geomorphographic control and tropical forest change across diverging landscapes in Tropical forests of the Guiana shield: ancient forests in a modern world, pp.343-379, 2005.

C. Quesada, Variations in chemical and physical properties of Amazon forest soils in relation to their genesis, Biogeosciences, vol.7, pp.1515-1541, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01095936

S. Guitet, Impacts of logging on the canopy and the consequences for forest management in French Guiana, Forest Ecol. Manag, vol.277, pp.124-131, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00732882

T. Sobral-souza, M. S. Lima-ribeiro, and V. N. Solferini, Biogeography of Neotropical Rainforests: past connections between Amazon and Atlantic Forest detected by ecological niche modeling, Evol. Ecol, vol.29, issue.5, pp.643-655, 2015.

P. V. Eisenlohr, Disturbances, elevation, topography and spatial proximity drive vegetation patterns along an altitudinal gradient of a top biodiversity hotspot, Biodivers. Conserv, vol.22, issue.12, pp.2767-2783, 2013.

M. Sanchez, Changes in tree community composition and structure of Atlantic rain forest on a slope of the Serra do Mar range, southeastern Brazil, from near sea level to 1000 m of altitude, Flora, vol.208, issue.3, pp.184-196, 2013.

R. T. Pennington, J. E. Richardson, and M. Lavin, Insights into the historical construction of species-rich biomes from dated plant phylogenies, neutral ecological theory and phylogenetic community structure, New Phytologist, vol.172, issue.4, pp.605-616, 2006.

J. P. Boisier, Projected strengthening of Amazonian dry season by constrained climate model simulations, Nature Climate Change, vol.5, issue.7, pp.656-660, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01244919

, Scientific RePoRTS |, vol.8, 2018.

R. I. Negrón-juárez, Widespread Amazon forest tree mortality from a single cross-basin squall line event, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.37, issue.16, p.16701, 2010.

C. A. Nobre and L. D. Borma, Tipping points' for the Amazon forest, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, vol.1, issue.1, pp.28-36, 2009.

V. Gond, Broad-scale spatial pattern of forest landscape types in the Guiana Shield, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, vol.13, issue.3, pp.357-367, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00676329

G. J. Huffman, The TRMM Multisatellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA): Quasi-global, multiyear, combined-sensor precipitation estimates at fine scales, Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol.8, issue.1, pp.38-55, 2007.

S. Guitet, Landform and landscape mapping, French Guiana (South America), J. Maps, vol.9, issue.3, pp.325-335, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01268197

S. Guitet, Estimating tropical tree diversity indices from forestry surveys: A method to integrate taxonomic uncertainty, Forest Ecol. Manag, vol.328, pp.270-281, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01204219

J. F. Molino, Etablissement d'une liste des espèces d'arbres de la Guyane Française. IRD, p.59, 2009.

M. Ollivier, C. Baraloto, and E. Marcon, A trait database for Guianan rain forest trees permits intra-and inter-specific contrasts, Ann. For. Sci, vol.64, issue.7, pp.781-786, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00884130

A. Zanne, Global wood density database, 2009.

W. G. Iuss, International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps, World Soil Resources Reports, vol.106, p.191, 2014.

F. D. Espírito-santo, Size and frequency of natural forest disturbances and the Amazon forest carbon balance, Nature communications, vol.5, 2014.

Y. Goulamoussène, Environmental control of natural gap size distribution in tropical forests, Biogeosciences Discuss. in review, 2016.

L. Poorter, Diversity enhances carbon storage in tropical forests, Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr, vol.24, issue.11, pp.1314-1328, 2015.

H. Ter-steege, A spatial model of tree alpha-diversity and tree density for the Amazon, Biodivers. Conserv, vol.12, issue.11, pp.2255-2277, 2003.

B. Carpenter, Stan: A probabilistic programming language, Journal of Statistical Software, vol.76, issue.1, 2017.