Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in patients with type 2 diabetes

Abstract : AIMS: To determine whether the use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors is associated with an increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia. METHODS: The UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink and the Hospital Episodes Statistics database were used to conduct a nested case-control analysis within a cohort of new users of antidiabetic drugs between 2007 and 2012. Incident cases of hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia were matched with up to 20 controls on age, duration of treated diabetes, calendar year and duration of follow-up. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia associated with current use of DPP-4 inhibitors compared with current use of two or more oral antidiabetic drugs. RESULTS: The cohort included 49,653 patients, of whom 562 were hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia during follow-up (incidence rate 5.2/1000 person-years). Compared with current use of two or more oral antidiabetic drugs, current use of DPP-4 inhibitors was not associated with an increased risk of hospitalized community-acquired pneumonia overall (adjusted OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.50-1.29) or according to duration of use (p for trend = 0.57). CONCLUSIONS: The use of DPP-4 inhibitors was not associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia. Additional research is needed to assess the association between these drugs and other serious infections.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02136884
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Soumis le : mercredi 22 mai 2019 - 14:24:52
Dernière modification le : mercredi 22 mai 2019 - 14:25:40

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Jean-Luc Faillie, K. Filion, V. Patenaude, P. Ernst, L. Azoulay. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Wiley, 2015, 17 (4), pp.379-385. ⟨10.1111/dom.12431⟩. ⟨hal-02136884⟩

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