Energy Production and Health Externalities: Evidence from Oil Refinery Strikes in France

Abstract : This paper examines the effect of energy production on newborn health using a recent strike that affectedoil refineries in France as a natural experiment. First, we show that the temporary reduction in refininglead to a significant reduction in sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentrations. Second, this shock significantlyincreased birth weight and gestational age of newborns, particularly for those exposed to the strikeduring the third trimester of pregnancy. Back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest that a 1 unit declinein SO2 leads to a 196 million euro increase in lifetime earnings per birth cohort. This externality fromoil refineries should be an important part of policy discussions surrounding the production of energy.
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Pré-publication, Document de travail
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02024903
Contributeur : Emmanuelle Lavaine <>
Soumis le : mardi 19 février 2019 - 14:09:53
Dernière modification le : vendredi 1 mars 2019 - 01:28:10

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  • HAL Id : hal-02024903, version 1

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Emmanuelle Lavaine, Matthew Neidell. Energy Production and Health Externalities: Evidence from Oil Refinery Strikes in France. 2013. ⟨hal-02024903⟩

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