C. Caglioti, E. Lalle, C. Castilletti, F. Carletti, M. R. Capobianchi et al., Chikungunya virus infection: an overview, New Microbiol, vol.36, issue.3, pp.211-238, 2013.

M. C. Robinson, An epidemic of virus disease in southern province of Tanganyka territory in 1952-1953: clinical features, Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, vol.49, pp.28-32, 1955.

S. M. Volk, R. Chen, K. A. Tsetsarkin, A. P. Adams, T. I. Garcia et al., Genome-scale phylogenetic analyses of chikungunya virus reveal independent emergences of recent epidemics and various evolutionary rates, J Virol, vol.84, issue.13, pp.6497-504, 2010.

A. M. Powers, A. C. Brault, R. B. Tesh, and S. C. Weaver, Re-emergence of Chikungunya and O'nyong-nyong viruses: evidence for distinct geographical lineages and distant evolutionary relationships, J Gen Virol, vol.81, issue.2, pp.471-480, 2000.

S. C. Weaver and N. L. Forrester, Chikungunya: Evolutionary history and recent epidemic spread, Antiviral Res, vol.120, pp.32-41, 2015.

I. Leparc-goffart, A. Nougairede, S. Cassadou, C. Prat, and X. De-lamballerie, Chikungunya in the Americas. Lancet, vol.383, issue.9916, p.514, 2014.

M. Dupont-rouzeyrol, V. Caro, L. Guillaumot, M. Vazeille, D. 'ortenzio et al., Chikungunya virus and the mosquito vector Aedes aegypti in New Caledonia (South Pacific Region). Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis, vol.12, pp.1036-1077, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00764397

C. Paquet, I. Quatresous, J. L. Solet, D. Sissoko, R. P. Pierre et al., Chikungunya outbreak in Reunion: epidemiology and surveillance, Euro Surveill, vol.11, issue.2, pp.60202-60205, 2005.

V. Ravi, Re-emergence of chikungunya virus in India, Indian J Med Microbiol, vol.24, issue.2, pp.83-87, 2006.

E. Delisle, C. Rousseau, B. Broche, I. Leparc-goffart, L. 'ambert et al., , 2014.

, Euro Surveill, vol.20, issue.17, 2015.

A. A. Kelvin, Outbreak of Chikungunya in the Republic of Congo and the global picture, J Infect Dev Ctries, vol.5, issue.6, pp.441-445, 2011.

E. M. Leroy, D. Nkoghe, B. Ollomo, C. Nze-nkogue, P. Becquart et al., Concurrent chikungunya and dengue virus infections during simultaneous outbreaks, Gabon, Emerg Infect Dis, vol.15, issue.4, pp.591-594, 2007.

C. N. Peyrefitte, D. Rousset, B. A. Pastorino, R. Pouillot, M. Bessaud et al., Chikungunya virus, vol.13, issue.5, pp.768-71, 2006.

C. Paupy, B. Ollomo, B. Kamgang, S. Moutailler, D. Rousset et al., Comparative role of Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti in the emergence of Dengue and Chikungunya in central Africa, Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis, vol.10, issue.3, pp.259-66, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00542428

C. Paupy, K. Kassa, F. Caron, M. Nkoghe, D. Leroy et al., A chikungunya outbreak associated with the vector Aedes albopictus in remote villages of Gabon. Vector Borne Zoon Dis, vol.12, pp.167-176, 2012.

M. Caron, C. Paupy, G. Grard, P. Becquart, I. Mombo et al., Recent introduction and rapid dissemination of Chikungunya virus and Dengue virus serotype 2 associated with human and mosquito coinfections in Gabon, central Africa, Clin Infect Dis, vol.55, issue.6, pp.45-53, 2012.

G. Grard, M. Caron, I. M. Mombo, D. Nkoghe, M. Ondo et al., Zika virus in Gabon (Central Africa)-2007: a new threat from Aedes albopictus, vol.8, p.2681, 2014.

C. Paupy, H. Delatte, L. Bagny, V. Corbel, and D. Fontenille, Aedes albopictus, an arbovirus vector: from the darkness to the light, Microbes Infect, vol.11, pp.1177-85, 2009.

C. Ngoagouni, B. Kamgang, E. Nakoune, C. Paupy, and M. Kazanji, Invasion of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) into central Africa: what consequences for emerging diseases?, Parasit Vectors, vol.8, p.191, 2015.

M. Vazeille, S. Moutailler, D. Coudrier, C. Rousseaux, H. Khun et al., Two Chikungunya isolates from the outbreak of La Reunion (Indian Ocean) exhibit different patterns of infection in the mosquito, Aedes albopictus, PLoS One, vol.2, issue.11, p.1168, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00196860

M. Desdouits, B. Kamgang, N. Berthet, V. Tricou, C. Ngoagouni et al., Genetic characterization of Chikungunya virus in the Central African Republic, Infect Gen Evol, vol.33, pp.25-31, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01443281

M. Diallo, R. Laganier, and A. Nangouma, First record of Ae. albopictus (Skuse 1894), in Central African Republic, Trop Med Int Health, vol.15, issue.10, pp.1185-1194, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00540435

B. Kamgang, C. Ngoagouni, A. Manirakiza, E. Nakoune, C. Paupy et al., Temporal patterns of abundance of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) and mitochondrial DNA analysis of Ae. albopictus in the Central African Republic, PLoS Negl Trop Dis, vol.7, issue.12, p.2590, 2013.

M. Vazeille, S. Moutailler, F. Pages, F. Jarjaval, and A. B. Failloux, Introduction of Aedes albopictus in Gabon: what consequences for dengue and chikungunya transmission, Trop Med Int Health, vol.13, issue.9, pp.1176-1185, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01696176

M. Dubrulle, L. Mousson, S. Moutailler, M. Vazeille, and A. B. Failloux, Chikungunya virus and Aedes mosquitoes: saliva is infectious as soon as two days after oral infection, PLoS One, vol.4, issue.6, p.5895, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00395262

B. Pastorino, M. Bessaud, M. Grandadam, S. Murri, H. J. Tolou et al., Development of a TaqMan RT-PCR assay without RNA extraction step for the detection and quantification of African chikungunya viruses, J Virol Methods, vol.124, issue.1-2, pp.65-71, 2005.

K. Kupferschmidt, Infectious diseases. Yellow fever outbreak triggers vaccine alarm, Science, vol.352, issue.6282, pp.128-137, 2016.

R. Cordellier and B. Geoffroy, Les moustiques de la Répubique Centrafricaine. Distribution, abondance et fréquence des Culicinés dans l'ouest du paysLes arbovirus isolés, Travaux et documents de l'ORSTOM, 1976.

K. A. Tsetsarkin, D. L. Vanlandingham, C. E. Mcgee, and S. Higgs, A single mutation in chikungunya virus affects vector specificity and epidemic potential, PLoS Pathog, vol.3, issue.12, p.201, 2007.

A. Vega-rua, K. Zouache, R. Girod, A. B. Failloux, and R. Lourenco-de-oliveira, High level of vector competence of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus from ten American countries as a crucial factor in the spread of chikungunya virus, J Virol, vol.88, issue.11, pp.6294-306, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01464435

A. F. Van-den-hurk, S. Hall-mendelin, A. T. Pyke, G. A. Smith, and J. S. Mackenzie, Vector competence of Australian mosquitoes for chikungunya virus. Vector Borne Zoon Dis, vol.10, pp.489-95, 2010.

C. T. Diagne, O. Faye, M. Guerbois, R. Knight, D. Diallo et al., Vector competence of Aedes aegypti and Aedes vittatus (Diptera: Culicidae) from Senegal and Cape Verde archipelago for West African lineages of chikungunya virus, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.91, issue.3, pp.635-676, 2014.

A. Vega-rua, K. Zouache, V. Caro, L. Diancourt, P. Delaunay et al., High efficiency of temperate Aedes albopictus to transmit chikungunya and dengue viruses in the Southeast of France, PLoS One, vol.8, issue.3, p.59716, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01718113