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Impact of irradiation on the reproductive traits of field and laboratory An. arabiensis mosquitoes

Abstract : Background: The sterile insect technique (SIT) aims at suppressing or decreasing insect pest populations by introducing sterile insects into wild populations. SIT requires the mass-production of insects and their sterilization through, for example, radiation. However, both mass-rearing and radiation can affect the life history traits of insects making them less competitive than their wild counterparts. In the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis, some progress has been made to improve the mating competitiveness of mass-reared irradiated males. However, to date, no study has explored the relative effects of colonization and irradiation on important reproductive traits in this species. Such data may help to focus research efforts more precisely to improve current techniques.Methods: Two strains of An. arabiensis originating from the same locality were used: one reared in the laboratory for five generations and the second collected as late larval instars in the field prior to experimentation. Pupae were irradiated with 95 Gy and some adult reproductive traits, including insemination rate, fecundity, oviposition behavior, fertility and male survivorship, were assessed in different mating combinations.Results: Our study revealed the different effects of mosquito strain and irradiation on reproductive processes. The insemination rate was higher in field (67.3%) than in laboratory (54.9%) females and was negatively affected by both female and male irradiation (un-irradiated vs irradiated: 70.2 vs 51.3% in females; 67.7 vs 53.7% in males). Irradiated females did not produce eggs and egg prevalence was lower in the field strain (75.4%) than in the laboratory strain (83.9%). The hatching rate was higher in the field strain (88.7%) than in the laboratory strain (70.6%) as well as in un-irradiated mosquitoes (96.5%) than in irradiated ones (49%). Larval viability was higher in the field strain (96.2%) than in the laboratory strain (78.5%) and in un-irradiated mosquitoes (97.6%) than irradiated ones (52%). Finally, field males lived longer than laboratory males (25.1 vs 20.5 days, respectively).
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Soumis le : lundi 7 janvier 2019 - 10:26:51
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 février 2021 - 15:00:11
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Serge Poda, Edwige Guissou, Hamidou Maïga, Sévérin Bimbile-Somda, Jérémie Gilles, et al.. Impact of irradiation on the reproductive traits of field and laboratory An. arabiensis mosquitoes. Parasites and Vectors, BioMed Central, 2018, 11, pp.641. ⟨10.1186/s13071-018-3228-3⟩. ⟨hal-01971501⟩

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