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Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and mosquito-borne diseases in Mali, West Africa

Abstract : Mosquito-borne diseases cause major human diseases in almost every part of the world. In West Africa, and notably in Mali, vector control measures help reduce the impact of mosquito-borne diseases, although malaria remains a threat to both morbidity and mortality. The most recent overview article on mosquitoes in Mali was published in 1961, with a total of 88 species. Our present review focuses on mosquitoes of medical importance among which the Anopheles vectors of Plasmodium and filaria, as well as the Culex and Aedes vectors of arboviruses. It aims to provide a concise update of the literature on Culicidae, covering the ecological areas in which the species are found but also the transmitted pathogens and recent innovative tools for vector surveys. This review highlights the recent introduction of invasive mosquito species, including Aedes albopictus and Culex neavei. The comprehensive list of mosquito species currently recorded includes 106 species (28 species of the Anophelinae and 78 species of the Culicinae). There are probable gaps in our knowledge concerning mosquitoes of the subfamily Culicinae and northern half of Mali because most studies have been carried out on the genus Anopheles and have taken place in the southern part of the country. It is hoped that this review may be useful to decision makers responsible for vector control strategies and to researchers for future surveys on mosquitoes, particularly the vectors of emerging arboviruses.
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Contributeur : Hal Mivegec <>
Soumis le : lundi 5 novembre 2018 - 13:01:45
Dernière modification le : lundi 9 novembre 2020 - 16:03:05
Archivage à long terme le : : mercredi 6 février 2019 - 14:28:42


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Fatalmoudou Tandina, Ogobara Doumbo, Alpha Yaro, Sékou Traoré, Philippe Parola, et al.. Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and mosquito-borne diseases in Mali, West Africa. Parasites and Vectors, BioMed Central, 2018, 11, pp.467. ⟨10.1186/s13071-018-3045-8⟩. ⟨hal-01912325⟩



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