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Nonclassical CD4 + CD49b + Regulatory T Cells as a Better Alternative to Conventional CD4 + CD25 + T Cells To Dampen Arthritis Severity

Abstract : Promising immunotherapeutic strategies are emerging to restore tolerance in autoimmune diseases by triggering an increase in the number and/or the function of endogenous regulatory T (Treg) cells, which actively control pathological immune responses. Evidence suggests a remarkable heterogeneity in peripheral Treg cells that warrants their better characterization in terms of phenotype and suppressive function, to determine which subset may be optimally suitable for a given clinical situation. We found that repetitive injections of immature dendritic cells expanded Foxp3-negative CD49b+ Treg cells that displayed an effector memory phenotype. These expanded Treg cells were isolated ex vivo for transcriptome analysis and found to contain multiple transcripts of the canonical Treg signature shared mainly by CD25+ but also by other subphenotypes. We characterized the CD49b+ Treg cell phenotype, underscoring its similarities with the CD25+ Treg cell phenotype and highlighting some differential expression patterns for several markers, including lymphocyte activation gene 3, KLRG1, CD103, ICOS, CTLA-4, and granzyme B. Comparison of the CD25+ and CD49b+ Treg cells' suppressive mechanisms, in vitro and in vivo, revealed the latter's potent suppressive activity, which was partly dependent on IL-10 secretion. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that expression of several canonical Treg cell markers and suppressive function could be Foxp3 independent, and underscore the therapeutic potential of IL-10–secreting CD49b+ Treg cells in arthritis.
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Rita Vicente, Julie Quentin, Anne-Laure Mausset-Bonnefont, Paul Chuchana, Delphine Martire, et al.. Nonclassical CD4 + CD49b + Regulatory T Cells as a Better Alternative to Conventional CD4 + CD25 + T Cells To Dampen Arthritis Severity. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2015, 196 (1), pp.298 - 309. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.1501069⟩. ⟨hal-01834236⟩

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