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Journal Articles Small Year : 2023

Off‐Grid Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence with Customized p‐i‐n Photodiodes


Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) is the generation of light induced by an electrochemical reaction, driven by electricity. Here, an all‐optical ECL (AO–ECL) system is developped, which triggers ECL by the illumination of electrically autonomous “integrated” photoelectrochemical devices immersed in the electrolyte. Because these systems are made using small and cheap devices, they can be easily prepared and readily used by any laboratories. They are based on commercially available p‐i‐n Si photodiodes (≈1 € unit −1 ), coupled with well‐established ECL‐active and catalytic materials, directly coated onto the component leads by simple and fast wet processes. Here, a Pt coating (known for its high activity for reduction reactions) and carbon paint (known for its optimal ECL emission properties) are deposited at cathode and anode leads, respectively. In addition to its optimized light absorption properties, using the commercial p‐i‐n Si photodiode eliminates the need for a complicated manufacturing process. It is shown that the device can emit AO–ECL by illumination with polychromatic (simulated sunlight) or monochromatic (near IR) light sources to produce visible photons (425 nm) that can be easily observed by the naked eye or recorded with a smartphone camera. These low‐cost off‐grid AO‐ECL devices open broad opportunities for remote photodetection and portable bioanalytical tools.
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Dates and versions

hal-04320439 , version 1 (04-12-2023)



Yiran Zhao, Yoan Léger, Julie Descamps, Neso Sojic, Gabriel Loget. Off‐Grid Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence with Customized p‐i‐n Photodiodes. Small, 2023, ⟨10.1002/smll.202308023⟩. ⟨hal-04320439⟩
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